In this study, a planar split-ring resonator (SRR)-based RF biosensor was developed for label-free detection of biomolecules such as the prostate cancer marker, prostate specific antigen (PSA), and cortisol stress hormone. The biosensor has a resonance-assisted transducer and is excited by a time-varying magnetic field component of a local high-impedance microstrip line. The resulting device exhibits an intrinsic S 21 resonance with a quality-factor (or Q-factor) of 50. For the biomolecular interaction, anti-PSA and anti-cortisol were immobilized on the gold surface of the resonator by a protein-G mediated bioconjugation process and corresponding frequency shifts of Δf1p=302MHz (for anti-PSA) and Δf1c=203MHz (for anti-cortisol) were observed. The additional frequency shift of each PSA and cortisol antigen with a 100 pg/ml concentration was about 5 ± 1.5 MHz and 3 ± 1 MHz, respectively. From the experimental results, we confirmed that our device is very effective RF biosensor with a limit of detection (LOD) of 100 pg/ml and has sufficiently feasibility as a label-free biosensing scheme.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by grants from the National R&D Program for Cancer Control, Ministry of Health & Welfare (No.1120290), the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) (No.2011-0016731) and the Korean Basic Science Institute (No. T3278B).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Metals and Alloys
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Materials Chemistry