A facile approach to the surface modification of spinel LiNi 0.5Mn1.5O4 (LNMO) cathode active materials for high-voltage lithium ion batteries is demonstrated. This strategy is based on nanoarchitectured polyimide (PI) gel polymer electrolyte (GPE) coating. The PI coating layer successfully wrapped a large area of the LNMO surface via thermal imidization of 4-component (pyromellitic dianhydride/biphenyl dianhydride/phenylenediamine/oxydianiline) polyamic acid. In comparison to conventional metal oxide-based coatings, distinctive features of the unusual PI wrapping layer are the highly continuous surface coverage with nanometre thickness (∼10 nm) and the provision of facile ion transport. The nanostructure-tuned PI wrapping layer served as an ion-conductive protection skin to suppress the undesired interfacial side reactions, effectively preventing the direct exposure of the LNMO surface to liquid electrolyte. As a result, the PI wrapping layer played a crucial role in improving the high-voltage cell performance and alleviating the interfacial exothermic reaction between charged LNMO and liquid electrolyte. Notably, the superior cycle performance (at 55°C) of the PI-wrapped LNMO (PI-LNMO) was elucidated in great detail by quantitatively analyzing manganese (Mn) dissolution, cell impedance, and chemical composition (specifically, lithium fluoride (LiF)) of byproducts formed on the LNMO surface.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Chemistry
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering