A Possible Relic Star Cluster in the Sextans Dwarf Galaxy Based on data collected at the Subaru Telescope, which is operated by the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan.

Hak Sub Kim, Sang Il Han, Seok Joo Joo, Hyunjin Jeong, Seok-Jin Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We report a possible discovery of a relic star cluster in the Sextans dwarf spheroidal galaxy. Using the hk index (≡(Ca - b)-(b - y)) as a photometric metallicity indicator, we discriminate the metal-poor and metal-rich stars in the galaxy and find unexpected number density excess of metal-poor stars located 7.′7 (∼190 pc in projected distance) away from the known galactic center. The V - I color-magnitude diagram (CMD) for stars around the density excess reveals that both the main sequence and the giant branch are considerably narrower and redder than the bulk of field stars in Sextans. Our stellar population models show (a) that the narrow CMD is best reproduced by a simple stellar population with an age of ∼13 Gyr and [Fe/H] of ∼-2.3 dex, and (b) that the redder V - I color of the hk-weak population is explained only if it is ∼2 Gyr older than the field stars. The results lead us to conclude that the off-centered density peak is likely associated with an old, metal-poor globular cluster. The larger spatial extent (>80 pc in radius) and the smaller number of stars (∼1000) than typical globular clusters point to a star cluster that is in the process of dissolution. The finding serves as the first detection of a surviving star cluster in Sextans, supporting previous suggestions of the presence of star cluster remnants in the galaxy. If confirmed, the survival of a relic star cluster until now implies a cored dark matter halo profile for this dwarf galaxy.

LanguageEnglish
Article numberL8
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume870
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

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astronomical observatories
star clusters
dwarf galaxies
Japan
observatory
telescopes
metal
stars
star distribution
color-magnitude diagram
globular clusters
metals
diagram
galaxies
dissolution
metallicity
suggestion
halos
dark matter
dissolving

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

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title = "A Possible Relic Star Cluster in the Sextans Dwarf Galaxy Based on data collected at the Subaru Telescope, which is operated by the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan.",
abstract = "We report a possible discovery of a relic star cluster in the Sextans dwarf spheroidal galaxy. Using the hk index (≡(Ca - b)-(b - y)) as a photometric metallicity indicator, we discriminate the metal-poor and metal-rich stars in the galaxy and find unexpected number density excess of metal-poor stars located 7.′7 (∼190 pc in projected distance) away from the known galactic center. The V - I color-magnitude diagram (CMD) for stars around the density excess reveals that both the main sequence and the giant branch are considerably narrower and redder than the bulk of field stars in Sextans. Our stellar population models show (a) that the narrow CMD is best reproduced by a simple stellar population with an age of ∼13 Gyr and [Fe/H] of ∼-2.3 dex, and (b) that the redder V - I color of the hk-weak population is explained only if it is ∼2 Gyr older than the field stars. The results lead us to conclude that the off-centered density peak is likely associated with an old, metal-poor globular cluster. The larger spatial extent (>80 pc in radius) and the smaller number of stars (∼1000) than typical globular clusters point to a star cluster that is in the process of dissolution. The finding serves as the first detection of a surviving star cluster in Sextans, supporting previous suggestions of the presence of star cluster remnants in the galaxy. If confirmed, the survival of a relic star cluster until now implies a cored dark matter halo profile for this dwarf galaxy.",
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A Possible Relic Star Cluster in the Sextans Dwarf Galaxy Based on data collected at the Subaru Telescope, which is operated by the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan. / Kim, Hak Sub; Han, Sang Il; Joo, Seok Joo; Jeong, Hyunjin; Yoon, Seok-Jin.

In: Astrophysical Journal Letters, Vol. 870, No. 1, L8, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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