A pre-crash safety system for an occupant sitting on a backward facing seat for fully automated vehicles in frontal crashes

Jaeyoung Moon, Il Bae, Shiho Kim

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In fully autonomous vehicles, occupants do not need to keep their eyes forward during driving and they are able to sit on any position, from a forward-facing position to a backward-facing. However, traditional passive safety systems such as seat belts, airbags, and air curtains have been developed only for the driver or passengers sitting on forward facing seats. In this paper, we propose a pre-crash safety system for an occupant sitting on a backward facing seat in front-end crashes. The proposed safety system starts to move the seat horizontally and tilt the seatback prior to a front-end collision to reduce crash force which may cause whiplash injury. The simulated results show a remarkable improvement in reduction of crashing force impact on occupant's whiplash injury using Honda Accord models posted on National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and the hybrid III dummies with MADYMO 7.6 simulator.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2017 IEEE International Conference on Vehicular Electronics and Safety, ICVES 2017
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages168-171
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781509056774
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jul 25
Event2017 IEEE International Conference on Vehicular Electronics and Safety, ICVES 2017 - Vienna, Austria
Duration: 2017 Jun 272017 Jun 28

Publication series

Name2017 IEEE International Conference on Vehicular Electronics and Safety, ICVES 2017

Other

Other2017 IEEE International Conference on Vehicular Electronics and Safety, ICVES 2017
CountryAustria
CityVienna
Period17/6/2717/6/28

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Control and Optimization

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  • Cite this

    Moon, J., Bae, I., & Kim, S. (2017). A pre-crash safety system for an occupant sitting on a backward facing seat for fully automated vehicles in frontal crashes. In 2017 IEEE International Conference on Vehicular Electronics and Safety, ICVES 2017 (pp. 168-171). [7991920] (2017 IEEE International Conference on Vehicular Electronics and Safety, ICVES 2017). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICVES.2017.7991920