We report a Mg alloy Mg-2.2Nd-0.1Zn-0.4Zr (wt.%, denoted as JDBM-2) showing great potential in clinical vascular stent application by integrating the advantages of traditional medical stainless steel and polymer. This alloy exhibits high yield strength and elongation of 276 ± 6 MPa and 34.3 ± 3.4% respectively. The JDBM-2 with a stable degradation surface results in a highly homogeneous degradation mechanism and long-Term structural and mechanical durability. In vitro cytotoxicity test of the Mg extract via human vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs) indicates that the corrosion products are well tolerated by the tested cells and potentially negligible toxic effect on arterial vessel walls. This alloy also exhibits compromised foreign body response (FBR) determined by human peripheral blood derived macrophage adhesion, foreign body giant cell (FBGC) formation and inflammatory cytokine and chemokine secretion. Finally, vascular stents manufactured from the JDBM-2 were implanted into rabbits for long-Term evaluation. The results confirm excellent tissue compatibility and up to 6-month structural and mechanical integrity of the stent in vivo. Thus, the JDBM-2 stent with up to 6-month structural and mechanical integrity and excellent tissue compatibility represents a major breakthrough in this field and a promising alternative to traditional medical stainless steel and polymer for the clinical application.
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