A proper-motion membership study of the old open cluster NGC 188

Dana I. Dinescu, Terrence M. Girard, William F. Van Altena, Ting Gao Yang, Young Wook Lee

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Abstract

Relative proper motions have been determined for 1127 stars in the field of the open cluster NGC 188 from plates spanning a 60-year interval, taken with the 76-cm Thaw refractor of the Allegheny Observatory. Special attention has been paid to the corrections for systematic errors as a function of magnitude and color, and to the treatment of membership probabilities for stars with different proper-motion errors. The study is complete to a magnitude B = 16.2. Also some stars brighter than B = 12.5 were eliminated from the study because of the large uncertainty in estimating the magnitude equation at the bright end. The final relative proper motions have an accuracy of 0.5 mas/yr for well-exposed stars. From the cluster membership probabilities based on proper motions we obtain 360 cluster members, enabling us to better define the color-magnitude diagram. We provide a list of highly probable candidate blue stragglers in addition to the sample proposed by Eggen & Sandage (1969). In order to investigate mass segregation, we have analyzed the spatial distribution of the possible blue stragglers. Based on our proper-motion probabilities the spatial cumulative distributions show that the blue stragglers are not more centrally concentrated than the red giants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1205-1219
Number of pages15
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume111
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Mar 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Dinescu, D. I., Girard, T. M., Van Altena, W. F., Yang, T. G., & Lee, Y. W. (1996). A proper-motion membership study of the old open cluster NGC 188. Astronomical Journal, 111(3), 1205-1219. https://doi.org/10.1086/117866