Objectives: This study aimed to compare susceptibility map-weighted imaging (SMwI) using various MRI machines (three vendors) with N-3-fluoropropyl-2-β-carbomethoxy-3-β-(4-iodophenyl)nortropane (18F-FP-CIT) PET in the diagnosis of neurodegenerative parkinsonism in a multi-centre setting. Methods: We prospectively recruited 257 subjects, including 157 patients with neurodegenerative parkinsonism, 54 patients with non-neurodegenerative parkinsonism, and 46 healthy subjects from 10 hospitals between November 2019 and October 2020. All participants underwent both SMwI and 18F-FP-CIT PET. SMwI was interpreted by two independent reviewers for the presence or absence of abnormalities in nigrosome 1, and discrepancies were resolved by consensus. 18F-FP-CIT PET was used as the reference standard. Inter-observer agreement was tested using Cohen’s kappa coefficient. McNemar’s test was used to test the agreement between the interpretations of SMwI and 18F-FP-CIT PET per participant and substantia nigra (SN). Results: The inter-observer agreement was 0.924 and 0.942 per SN and participant, respectively. The diagnostic sensitivity of SMwI was 97.9% and 99.4% per SN and participant, respectively; its specificity was 95.9% and 95.2%, respectively, and its accuracy was 97.1% and 97.7%, respectively. There was no significant difference between the results of SMwI and 18F-FP-CIT PET (p > 0.05, for both SN and participant). Conclusions: This study demonstrated that the high diagnostic performance of SMwI was maintained in a multi-centre setting with various MRI scanners, suggesting the generalisability of SMwI for determining nigrostriatal degeneration in patients with parkinsonism. Key Points: • Susceptibility map-weighted imaging helps clinicians to predict nigrostriatal degeneration. • The protocol for susceptibility map-weighted imaging can be standardised across MRI vendors. • Susceptibility map-weighted imaging showed diagnostic performance comparable to that of dopamine transporter PET in a multi-centre setting with various MRI scanners.
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - 2022 May|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by a grant from the Heuron Co., Ltd; and a grant from the Basic Research in Science and Engineering Program through the National Research Foundation (NRF) funded by the Korean government (MSIT) (No. 2021R1C1C1003676).
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to European Society of Radiology.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging