Objectives: To evaluate whether the selection of first-line chemotherapy based on ERCC1 and RRM1 mRNA expression levels would improve clinical outcomes in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Materials and methods: Eligible patients were randomly assigned 1:1 to the experimental and control arms; the experimental arm received gemcitabine/carboplatin (GC) if ERCC1 and RRM1 expression was low, gemcitabine/vinorelbine (GV) if ERCC1 was high and RRM1 was low, docetaxel/carboplatin (DC) if ERCC1 was low and RRM1 was high, and docetaxel/vinorelbine (DV) if both were high. In the control arm, patients received DC. Results: This study was prematurely terminated after the futility analysis of 43 progression-free survival (PFS) events. A total of 55 patients (n = 26 in the experimental arm, n = 29 in the control arm) were evaluable for efficacy and toxicity. Nineteen (73.1 %) patients were assigned to receive GC, 0 (0.0 %) to GV, 4 (15.4 %) to DC, and 3 (11.5 %) to DV in the experimental arm. The overall response rates were 42.3 and 48.3 % in the experimental and control arms, respectively, which were not statistically different (P = 0.657). The median PFS was 5.2 months in the experimental arm and 5.4 months in the control arm (P = 0.286). The median overall survival was 17.4 months in the experimental arm and 12.6 months in the control arm (P = 0.638). The occurrence of grade 3 or higher neutropenia (69.2 vs. 93.1 %, P = 0.035) and febrile neutropenia (3.8 vs. 24.1 %, P = 0.054) was more common in the control arm. Conclusion: ERCC1 and RRM1 mRNA expression-based chemotherapy did not improve clinical outcomes in advanced NSCLC (NCT01648517).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research
- Pharmacology (medical)