A randomized split-face comparative study of long-pulsed alexandrite plus low-fluence Nd:YAG laser versus pulsed-dye laser in the treatment of rosacea

Sujin Park, Joo Hee Lee, Eunji Kang, Hyun Kim, Ji Young Kim, Eun Jung Lee, Yu Jeong Bae, Jihee Kim, Sang Ho Oh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To compare the effectiveness of long-pulsed alexandrite laser (LPAL) with that of pulsed-dye laser (PDL) for rosacea. Methods: This was a single-blind randomized controlled trial on 27 patients who were clinically diagnosed with rosacea. Randomly assigned split face in each patient received four times monthly treatment of LPAL plus low-fluence Nd:YAG with the contralateral side serving as the control treated with PDL. At every visit, the erythema index (EI) was measured with skin analysis systems, and two independent dermatologists evaluated digital photographs for five-point global aesthetic improvement scale (GAIS). Results: The EI significantly decreased on both treated sides (LPAL 366.5 ± 101.0 vs. 295.8 ± 90.2, p < 0.001, PDL 369.0 ± 124.3 vs. 302.7 ± 92.1, p < 0.001) 1 month after fourth treatment (visit 5). Also 3 months after the fourth treatment (visit 6), the reduction in the EI was well maintained on both sides (LPAL 360.3 ± 96.8 vs. 282.0 ± 89.2, p < 0.001, PDL 364.3 ± 121.6 vs. 281.6 ± 97.8, p < 0.001). When comparing the improvement in the EI between the two groups, the percentage reduction in the EI on the LPAL-treated side was not inferior to the PDL-treated side (visit 5: LPAL 18.7 ± 15.7% vs. PDL 16.4 ± 12.9%, p = 0.501 and visit 6: LPAL 21.7 ± 13.9% vs. PDL 21.9 ± 15.2%, p = 0.943). The GAIS and patient satisfaction were comparable between the LPAL and PDL sides and did not show any significant difference. No serious adverse events occurred on either of the treated sides. Conclusion: This study showed that the decrease in EI in the treatment of rosacea was comparable between PDL and LPAL. Therefore, LPAL could be a promising alternative treatment option with good merits for rosacea, considering no consumables are required for device maintenance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1217-1225
Number of pages9
JournalLasers in Surgery and Medicine
Volume54
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Nov

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr. Glen Calderhead for providing the diagram for Figure 4 and English language editing. This work was supported by the Korea Medical Device Development Fund grant funded by the Korea government (the Ministry of Science and ICT, the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy, the Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea, the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety) (Project Number: 202014X4502).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Wiley Periodicals LLC.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Dermatology

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