Anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody testing is used to diagnose rheumatoid arthritis and associated with interstitial lung disease in RA. Herein, we investigate the relationship between anti-CCP antibody and ILD in SSc. We performed a retrospective analysis at a tertiary medical center between 2005 and 2019. Patients with SSc, systemic lupus erythematosus, and polymyositis/dermatomyositis (PM/DM) were evaluated for anti-CCP antibody and ILD. Additionally, medical records of SSc patients with ILD were reviewed. SSc patients had the highest anti-CCP antibody positivity rate compared to those with SLE and PM/DM. The incidence of ILD was higher in SSc patients with anti-CCP antibody than in those without. The usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) incidence was higher in the anti-CCP antibody-positive group than in the anti-CCP antibody-negative group. The DLCO was lower in the anti-CCP antibody-positive group than in the anti-CCP antibody-negative group. On multivariable analysis, factors associated with SSc-ILD were anti-CCP antibody or rheumatoid factor (β coefficient, 2.652 [95% CI 1.472 to 4.776]) and anti-Scl70 antibody (β coefficient, 4.011 [95% CI 2.142 to 7.508]). Anti-CCP antibody may be associated with a higher incidence of ILD in SSc. SSc patients with anti-CCP antibody may have more UIP pattern and lower DLCO. Trial Registration Retrospectively registered.
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Dec|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Basic Science Research Program (2021R1F1A1059528 to J.J.S.) through the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology.
© 2022, The Author(s).
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