A Review of High Impact Weather for Aviation Meteorology

Ismail Gultepe, R. Sharman, Paul D. Williams, Binbin Zhou, G. Ellrod, P. Minnis, S. Trier, S. Griffin, Seong Soo Yum, B. Gharabaghi, W. Feltz, M. Temimi, Zhaoxia Pu, L. N. Storer, P. Kneringer, M. J. Weston, Hui ya Chuang, L. Thobois, A. P. Dimri, S. J. Dietz & 3 others Gutemberg B. França, M. V. Almeida, F. L.Albquerque Neto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This review paper summarizes current knowledge available for aviation operations related to meteorology and provides suggestions for necessary improvements in the measurement and prediction of weather-related parameters, new physical methods for numerical weather predictions (NWP), and next-generation integrated systems. Severe weather can disrupt aviation operations on the ground or in-flight. The most important parameters related to aviation meteorology are wind and turbulence, fog visibility, aerosol/ash loading, ceiling, rain and snow amount and rates, icing, ice microphysical parameters, convection and precipitation intensity, microbursts, hail, and lightning. Measurements of these parameters are functions of sensor response times and measurement thresholds in extreme weather conditions. In addition to these, airport environments can also play an important role leading to intensification of extreme weather conditions or high impact weather events, e.g., anthropogenic ice fog. To observe meteorological parameters, new remote sensing platforms, namely wind LIDAR, sodars, radars, and geostationary satellites, and in situ instruments at the surface and in the atmosphere, as well as aircraft and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles mounted sensors, are becoming more common. At smaller time and space scales (e.g., < 1 km), meteorological forecasts from NWP models need to be continuously improved for accurate physical parameterizations. Aviation weather forecasts also need to be developed to provide detailed information that represents both deterministic and statistical approaches. In this review, we present available resources and issues for aviation meteorology and evaluate them for required improvements related to measurements, nowcasting, forecasting, and climate change, and emphasize future challenges.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1869-1921
Number of pages53
JournalPure and Applied Geophysics
Volume176
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 May 1

Fingerprint

aviation meteorology
Meteorology
weather
meteorology
Aviation
Precipitation (meteorology)
Ice
Fog
fog
Ashes
aeronautics
forecasting
prediction
sensor
ice
Geostationary satellites
physical method
nowcasting
severe weather
geostationary satellite

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Gultepe, I., Sharman, R., Williams, P. D., Zhou, B., Ellrod, G., Minnis, P., ... Neto, F. L. A. (2019). A Review of High Impact Weather for Aviation Meteorology. Pure and Applied Geophysics, 176(5), 1869-1921. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00024-019-02168-6
Gultepe, Ismail ; Sharman, R. ; Williams, Paul D. ; Zhou, Binbin ; Ellrod, G. ; Minnis, P. ; Trier, S. ; Griffin, S. ; Yum, Seong Soo ; Gharabaghi, B. ; Feltz, W. ; Temimi, M. ; Pu, Zhaoxia ; Storer, L. N. ; Kneringer, P. ; Weston, M. J. ; Chuang, Hui ya ; Thobois, L. ; Dimri, A. P. ; Dietz, S. J. ; França, Gutemberg B. ; Almeida, M. V. ; Neto, F. L.Albquerque. / A Review of High Impact Weather for Aviation Meteorology. In: Pure and Applied Geophysics. 2019 ; Vol. 176, No. 5. pp. 1869-1921.
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Gultepe, I, Sharman, R, Williams, PD, Zhou, B, Ellrod, G, Minnis, P, Trier, S, Griffin, S, Yum, SS, Gharabaghi, B, Feltz, W, Temimi, M, Pu, Z, Storer, LN, Kneringer, P, Weston, MJ, Chuang, HY, Thobois, L, Dimri, AP, Dietz, SJ, França, GB, Almeida, MV & Neto, FLA 2019, 'A Review of High Impact Weather for Aviation Meteorology', Pure and Applied Geophysics, vol. 176, no. 5, pp. 1869-1921. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00024-019-02168-6

A Review of High Impact Weather for Aviation Meteorology. / Gultepe, Ismail; Sharman, R.; Williams, Paul D.; Zhou, Binbin; Ellrod, G.; Minnis, P.; Trier, S.; Griffin, S.; Yum, Seong Soo; Gharabaghi, B.; Feltz, W.; Temimi, M.; Pu, Zhaoxia; Storer, L. N.; Kneringer, P.; Weston, M. J.; Chuang, Hui ya; Thobois, L.; Dimri, A. P.; Dietz, S. J.; França, Gutemberg B.; Almeida, M. V.; Neto, F. L.Albquerque.

In: Pure and Applied Geophysics, Vol. 176, No. 5, 01.05.2019, p. 1869-1921.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Minnis, P.

AU - Trier, S.

AU - Griffin, S.

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AU - Pu, Zhaoxia

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AU - Kneringer, P.

AU - Weston, M. J.

AU - Chuang, Hui ya

AU - Thobois, L.

AU - Dimri, A. P.

AU - Dietz, S. J.

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Gultepe I, Sharman R, Williams PD, Zhou B, Ellrod G, Minnis P et al. A Review of High Impact Weather for Aviation Meteorology. Pure and Applied Geophysics. 2019 May 1;176(5):1869-1921. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00024-019-02168-6