This review article focuses on an assessment of the innovative Gas Separation Membrane Bioreactor (GS-MBR), which is an emerging technology because of its potential for in-situ biohydrogen production and separation. The GS-MBR, as a special membrane bioreactor, enriches CO 2 directly from the headspace of the anaerobic H 2 fermentation process. CO 2 can be fed as a substrate to auxiliary photo-bioreactors to grow microalgae as a promising raw material for biocatalyzed, dark fermentative H 2 -evolution. Overall, these features make the GS-MBR worthy of study. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, the GS-MBR has not been studied in detail to date; hence, a comprehensive review of this topic will be useful to the scientific community.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the International Research & Development Program of the National Research Foundation of Korea ( NRF ) funded by the Ministry of Science & ICT (Grant number: 2017K1A3A1A67015923 ). The authors from Hungary would like to express their gratitude to the National Research, Development, and Innovation Office ( NKFIH , Hungary) for the financial support of this project under grant number NN 126995. The János Bolyai Research Scholarship of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences is duly acknowledged for the support. The authors from Poland would like to thank the financial support received from the National Centre for Research and Development (DZP/V4-Korea-1/190/2018). The financial support from the Czech Ministry of Education , Youth and Sport is kindly acknowledged, project 8F17005, contract no. MSMT-20364/2017-3/5.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Waste Management and Disposal