Microalgae is considered as a renewable and sustainable biomass to produce bioenergy and other high-value products. Besides, the cultivation of microalgae does not need any fertile land and it provides opportunities for climate change mitigation by sequestering atmospheric carbon-dioxide (CO2), facilitating nutrient recovery from wastewater and regulating industrial pollutions/emissions. Algal biomass harvested from different technologies are unique in their physio-chemical properties that require critical understanding prior to value-addition or bioenergy recovery. In this review, we elaborate the importance of cell wall weakening followed by pretreatment as a key process step and strategy to reduce the energy cost of converting algal biomass into bioenergy. From the energy-calculations, it was measured that the cell wall weakening significantly improves the net-energy ratio from 0.68 to 1.02. This approach could be integrated with any pre-treatment options, while it reduces the time of pre-treatment and costs of energy/chemicals required for hydrolysis of algal biomass.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Mr. Yukesh Kannah R is grateful to CSIR, New Delhi, India for the award of Senior Research Fellowship (CSIR Direct SRF 09/468/0529).
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Waste Management and Disposal