A robust design of Ru quantum dot/N-doped holey graphene for efficient Li-O2 batteries

Masoud Nazarian-Samani, Hee Dae Lim, Safa Haghighat-Shishavan, Hyun Kyung Kim, Youngmin Ko, Myeong Seong Kim, Suk Woo Lee, Seyed Farshid Kashani-Bozorg, Majid Abbasi, Hwan Uk Guim, Dong Ik Kim, Kwang Chul Roh, Kisuk Kang, Kwang Bum Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Herein, we report a simple, versatile, defect-engineered method to fabricate Ru quantum dots (Ru QDs) uniformly anchored on a nitrogen-doped holey graphene (NHG) monolith. It uses in situ pyrolysis of mixed glucose, dicyandiamide (DCDA), and RuCl3, followed by an acid treatment, and a final heat treatment to introduce in-plane holes of various sizes. A novel transmission method in scanning electron microscopy was successfully implemented to directly visualize the holes with color contrast. A low accelerating voltage of 5 kV enabled prolonged observation without significant electron beam damage. The mechanisms of hole creation were examined in detail using various characterization techniques as well as control experiments. The Ru QDs had significant catalytic activity and resulted in larger in-plane holes through the graphene sheets. The mechanical strain and the chemical reactivity of Ru QDs significantly diminished the activation energy barrier for the oxidation of C=C bonds in the graphene structure. The Ru QD/NHG hybrid material was utilized as an electrocatalyst for the oxygen evolution reaction in Li-O2 batteries, showing much lower charge overpotentials compared to the bare NHG counterpart. The defect-laden holey graphene counterpart can be highly functionalized for multiple applications, leading to a new method of nanoengineering based on atomic scale defects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)619-631
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

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Graphite
Graphene
Semiconductor quantum dots
Nitrogen
Defects
Chemical reactivity
Electrocatalysts
Energy barriers
Hybrid materials
Glucose
Electron beams
Catalyst activity
Pyrolysis
Activation energy
Heat treatment
Oxygen
Color
Oxidation
Scanning electron microscopy
Acids

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Nazarian-Samani, M., Lim, H. D., Haghighat-Shishavan, S., Kim, H. K., Ko, Y., Kim, M. S., ... Kim, K. B. (2017). A robust design of Ru quantum dot/N-doped holey graphene for efficient Li-O2 batteries. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 5(2), 619-631. https://doi.org/10.1039/c6ta08427c
Nazarian-Samani, Masoud ; Lim, Hee Dae ; Haghighat-Shishavan, Safa ; Kim, Hyun Kyung ; Ko, Youngmin ; Kim, Myeong Seong ; Lee, Suk Woo ; Kashani-Bozorg, Seyed Farshid ; Abbasi, Majid ; Guim, Hwan Uk ; Kim, Dong Ik ; Roh, Kwang Chul ; Kang, Kisuk ; Kim, Kwang Bum. / A robust design of Ru quantum dot/N-doped holey graphene for efficient Li-O2 batteries. In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A. 2017 ; Vol. 5, No. 2. pp. 619-631.
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abstract = "Herein, we report a simple, versatile, defect-engineered method to fabricate Ru quantum dots (Ru QDs) uniformly anchored on a nitrogen-doped holey graphene (NHG) monolith. It uses in situ pyrolysis of mixed glucose, dicyandiamide (DCDA), and RuCl3, followed by an acid treatment, and a final heat treatment to introduce in-plane holes of various sizes. A novel transmission method in scanning electron microscopy was successfully implemented to directly visualize the holes with color contrast. A low accelerating voltage of 5 kV enabled prolonged observation without significant electron beam damage. The mechanisms of hole creation were examined in detail using various characterization techniques as well as control experiments. The Ru QDs had significant catalytic activity and resulted in larger in-plane holes through the graphene sheets. The mechanical strain and the chemical reactivity of Ru QDs significantly diminished the activation energy barrier for the oxidation of C=C bonds in the graphene structure. The Ru QD/NHG hybrid material was utilized as an electrocatalyst for the oxygen evolution reaction in Li-O2 batteries, showing much lower charge overpotentials compared to the bare NHG counterpart. The defect-laden holey graphene counterpart can be highly functionalized for multiple applications, leading to a new method of nanoengineering based on atomic scale defects.",
author = "Masoud Nazarian-Samani and Lim, {Hee Dae} and Safa Haghighat-Shishavan and Kim, {Hyun Kyung} and Youngmin Ko and Kim, {Myeong Seong} and Lee, {Suk Woo} and Kashani-Bozorg, {Seyed Farshid} and Majid Abbasi and Guim, {Hwan Uk} and Kim, {Dong Ik} and Roh, {Kwang Chul} and Kisuk Kang and Kim, {Kwang Bum}",
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Nazarian-Samani, M, Lim, HD, Haghighat-Shishavan, S, Kim, HK, Ko, Y, Kim, MS, Lee, SW, Kashani-Bozorg, SF, Abbasi, M, Guim, HU, Kim, DI, Roh, KC, Kang, K & Kim, KB 2017, 'A robust design of Ru quantum dot/N-doped holey graphene for efficient Li-O2 batteries', Journal of Materials Chemistry A, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 619-631. https://doi.org/10.1039/c6ta08427c

A robust design of Ru quantum dot/N-doped holey graphene for efficient Li-O2 batteries. / Nazarian-Samani, Masoud; Lim, Hee Dae; Haghighat-Shishavan, Safa; Kim, Hyun Kyung; Ko, Youngmin; Kim, Myeong Seong; Lee, Suk Woo; Kashani-Bozorg, Seyed Farshid; Abbasi, Majid; Guim, Hwan Uk; Kim, Dong Ik; Roh, Kwang Chul; Kang, Kisuk; Kim, Kwang Bum.

In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 5, No. 2, 01.01.2017, p. 619-631.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - A robust design of Ru quantum dot/N-doped holey graphene for efficient Li-O2 batteries

AU - Nazarian-Samani, Masoud

AU - Lim, Hee Dae

AU - Haghighat-Shishavan, Safa

AU - Kim, Hyun Kyung

AU - Ko, Youngmin

AU - Kim, Myeong Seong

AU - Lee, Suk Woo

AU - Kashani-Bozorg, Seyed Farshid

AU - Abbasi, Majid

AU - Guim, Hwan Uk

AU - Kim, Dong Ik

AU - Roh, Kwang Chul

AU - Kang, Kisuk

AU - Kim, Kwang Bum

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Nazarian-Samani M, Lim HD, Haghighat-Shishavan S, Kim HK, Ko Y, Kim MS et al. A robust design of Ru quantum dot/N-doped holey graphene for efficient Li-O2 batteries. Journal of Materials Chemistry A. 2017 Jan 1;5(2):619-631. https://doi.org/10.1039/c6ta08427c