Proper folding and assembly of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I complexes are essential for optimal peptide loading and subsequent antigen presentation. MHC class I folding involves the coordinated formation of multiple disulfide bonds within MHC class I molecules. However, the regulation of disulfide bond formation during the early process of MHC class I folding is uncharacterized. Here, we show that protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) catalyzes the disulfide bond formation of MHC class I molecules and thereby facilitates the assembly of MHC class I heavy chain with beta(2)-microglobulin (beta(2)m). Depletion of PDI but not ERp57 by RNAi interfered with the disulfide bond formation in the MHC class I molecules. In the absence of PDI, the association of free class I heavy chain with calnexin increased, whereas the assembly of MHC class I heavy chain-beta(2)m heterodimers was delayed. These observations suggest that PDI-catalyzed disulfide bond formation of MHC class I molecules is an event downstream of the interaction of class I molecules with calnexin and upstream of their interaction with beta(2)m. Thus, our data establish a critical function for PDI in the early assembly of MHC class I molecules.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cell Biology