A two-phase depth-averaged debris flow model simplified by momentum equations is presented to solve the tracking of density evolution and simulate high-velocity impact problems. In the model, the Herschel-Bulkley rheology is used to describe the internal and basal frictions in the debris flow, and the treatments of complex terrains and entrainments are also included. To solve the debris flow model numerically, a relevant finite volume formulation including the Harten-Lax-van Leer-Contact (HLLC) scheme is introduced to solve the conservation equation with a debris interface. A circular dam-break, a dam-break of non-Newtonian fluid, and multiple debris flow cases are carried out based on the proposed model to validate the shock-capturing capability, the numerical isotropy, the model accuracy, and the mass conservation. These results indicate that the implemented schemes can produce sufficient numerical stability and accuracy for the debris flow problem. Finally, the debris flow of various rheological properties is systematically simulated, and how the debris rheology affects debris flow behavior is discussed.
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment|
|Publication status||Published - 2021 Jul|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (No. 2018R1A6A1A08025348).
© 2021, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology