To study alcohol-related metabolism across inbred mouse strains, liver tissues from C57BL/6J (B6, an alcohol-preferring mouse) and DBA/2J (D2, an alcohol-avoiding strain) mice were analyzed for proteomic expression patterns over time after a single-dose of alcohol (1.5 g/kg ingestion). Despite no significant difference in the elimination rate of blood ethanol, two-dimensional electrophoresis gel images of liver proteins showed that proteins in B6 mice exhibited faster response and more quantitative (spot numbers) and qualitative (spot densities) changes than in D2 mice. Among the differentially expressed metabolic enzymes, four variants (α, β, γ and δ) of fructose 1,6-bisphosphatase (FBPase), a key regulatory gluconeogenic enzyme, showed remarkable changes in expression with time across the strains. The degree of spot alteration in α- and γ-variants of FBPase in B6 mice was much higher than in D2 mice, while the β- and δ-forms were not changed as much. Mass spectrometry (MS) analysis showed that the 1714.9 ± 1 mass peak from the α- and γ-variants of FBPase was much stronger than that of the β- and δ-variants in both strains regardless of spot density. This MS peak contains 2-ANHAPFETDISTLTR-16, located at the N-terminal of FBPase, where the N-terminal alanine was found to be trimethylated. Thus, we propose this N-terminal fragment as a potential site for enzyme modification in response to ethanol, allowing for differences in two-dimensional gel spot intensity of variants of FBPase in the two mouse strains.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology