The high penetration of wind power decreases the system inertia and primary frequency reserve while replacing the conventional synchronous generators (SGs). Therefore, if the system operator does not take appropriate action on the remaining generation units (GUs) operation, high penetration of wind power will aggravate the frequency stability. To solve this problem, wind power plants (WPPs) may provide the inertial response and primary frequency response (PFR) to support the frequency stability. However, due to the variability of renewable energy, WPPs may not provide adequate frequency response whenever it is required. This paper proposes an algorithm to determine the operation of GUs to provide appropriate PFR for a power system with high penetration of wind power. Through the proposed algorithm, it calculates the required PFR to restore the decreased frequency stability caused by the high penetration of wind power. Then, while considering the available PFR from WPPs, it redetermines the droop coefficient of SGs governor to provide the sufficient PFR to recover the frequency stability. Finally, the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm is verified on the practical Korean electric power system.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding: This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT (MSIT), Korea government (No. 2020R1A3B2079407).
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Energy (miscellaneous)
- Control and Optimization
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering