A study on optimization of photoneutron shielding in a medical accelerator room by using Monte Carlo simulation

Yong Nam Kim, Sang Hyun Choi, Kyoungkeun Jeong, Joo Young Kim, Chang Geol Lee, Jinsil Seong, Chan Hyeong Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Medical linear accelerators operating above 10 MV require door shielding for neutrons in addition to photons. A criterion for choice of optimal configuration of lamination of BPE (Borated Polyethylene) and lead is not clear. Moreover, optimal configuration cannot be determined by the conventional method using an analytical formula and simple measurement. This study performs Monte Carlo simulation of radiation field in a commercial LINAC room with 15 MV X-ray sources. Considering two configuration of lamination such as 'lead-BPE' and 'lead-BPE-lead', dose equivalents are calculated by using the MCNPX code and comparative analyses are performed with each other. The obtained results show that there is no significant difference in neuron shielding between both configurations, whereas lead-BPE-lead is more effective for photon shielding. It is also noted that the absolute values of neutron doses are much greater than that of photon doses outside as well as inside the door, by three orders of magnitude. As a conclusion, the laminating of lead-BPE is suggested as the optimal configuration from the viewpoint of simplicity in fabrication and handling, even though it has no significant difference from lead-BPE-lead in terms of total dose equivalent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-53
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Nuclear Science and Technology
Volume45
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

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