Platinum nanoparticles were synthesized by the methanol reduction method, and their size was controlled to 3 nm on average using PVP [poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidon)] as a protecting unit. Various contents of Pt nanoparticles were incorporated into ZnO solutions which were synthesized by a sol-gel process. ZnO films with Pt nanoparticles of various content were annealed at 500 °C and 600 °C for 1 h. The crystallinity increased with the annealing temperature and also slightly with the content of Pt nanoparticles. The sheet resistance of ZnO films decreased with the incorporation of Pt nanoparticles, however the decreasing behavior was not maintained with increasing content of Pt nanoparticles. A shift of valence band maximum energy of ZnO film with Pt nanoparticles to higher energy was also observed due to electron transfer from Pt nanoparticles to ZnO film. The optical transmittance was 88 ± 2% in the visible region for all the ZnO films. Well-defined 60 μm wide direct-patterned ZnO films containing Pt nanoparticles of 0.5 atomic percent could be formed without using dry etching process.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films