Converter-based generators (CBGs) that use renewable energy sources (RESs) are replacing traditional aging coal and nuclear power generators. Increasing the penetration of CBGs into the entire power generation process reduces both the inertia constant of the power system and the total amount of power reserves. Additionally, RESs are very intermittent and it is difficult to predict changes in them. These problems, due to CBGs using RESs, pose new challenges to net–load bal-ancing. As a solution, this paper proposes a virtual multi-slack (VMS) droop control that secures the stability and efficiency of system operation by controlling the output of CBGs distributed in various regions. The VMS droop control makes it possible to increase the inertia constant of the power system and to respond quickly and appropriately to load changes through the proposed VMS droop control based on power sensitivity. It is also proposed that the process selects proper power reserves of CBGs for stable VMS droop control. To verify the effectiveness of the proposed VMS droop control and the proper power reserve selection method for CBGs, several case studies were performed using a real Korean power system.
|Publication status||Published - 2021 Apr 1|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding: This work was supported in part by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) (Grant number: 2020R1A3B2079407), the Ministry of Science and ICT (MSIT), Korea and in part by the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) grant funded by the Korean government (MOTIE) (Grant number: 20192010107050).
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Signal Processing
- Hardware and Architecture
- Computer Networks and Communications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering