A current lead is a connecting device between the superconducting magnet and the power supply. A large amount of heat transfer ocurrs through the current lead because the cold-end in a superconducting system is thermally linked with the warm-end part. Therefore, high-Tc superconductor (HTS) is used in the current lead for a tokamak system. However, it is hard to consider the dependance of HTS's critical current with respect to temperature because the conventional HTS current leads consist of the HTS tapes with the same width and thickness, and their critical currents can differ from their temperature. For this reason, cold-end of the HTS section in current lead is designed excessively than necessary specifications. This generates the additional heat transfer between cold-end and warm-end within the HTS current lead. In this paper, a study on the HTS current leads with asymmetric structure is conducted to reduce the heat transfer by reducing the cross-sectional area of the HTS current lead. Asymmetric current leads are fabricated considering the design parameters about heat transfer within the HTS current lead. Current transporting tests on the conventional, symmetrical, and asymmetrical HTS current leads are performed to confirm the feasibility of the suggested design. And then, heat load of the asymmetric current lead is compared with the symmetric current lead. From this study, it is found that heat load of the current lead is reduced by using the asymmetric HTS current lead.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering