A survey on hybrid beamforming techniques in 5G: Architecture and system model perspectives

Irfan Ahmed, Hedi Khammari, Adnan Shahid, Ahmed Musa, Kwang Soon Kim, Eli De Poorter, Ingrid Moerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The increasing wireless data traffic demands have driven the need to explore suitable spectrum regions for meeting the projected requirements. In the light of this, millimeter wave (mmWave) communication has received considerable attention from the research community. Typically, in fifth generation (5G) wireless networks, mmWave massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) communications is realized by the hybrid transceivers which combine high dimensional analog phase shifters and power amplifiers with lower-dimensional digital signal processing units. This hybrid beamforming design reduces the cost and power consumption which is aligned with an energy-efficient design vision of 5G. In this paper, we track the progress in hybrid beamforming for massive MIMO communications in the context of system models of the hybrid transceivers' structures, the digital and analog beamforming matrices with the possible antenna configuration scenarios and the hybrid beamforming in heterogeneous wireless networks. We extend the scope of the discussion by including resource management issues in hybrid beamforming. We explore the suitability of hybrid beamforming methods, both, existing and proposed till first quarter of 2017, and identify the exciting future challenges in this domain.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8371237
Pages (from-to)3060-3097
Number of pages38
JournalIEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Oct 1

Fingerprint

Beamforming
Transceivers
Millimeter waves
Wireless networks
Communication
Phase shifters
Heterogeneous networks
Digital signal processing
Power amplifiers
Telecommunication traffic
Electric power utilization
Antennas
Costs

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Ahmed, Irfan ; Khammari, Hedi ; Shahid, Adnan ; Musa, Ahmed ; Kim, Kwang Soon ; De Poorter, Eli ; Moerman, Ingrid. / A survey on hybrid beamforming techniques in 5G : Architecture and system model perspectives. In: IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials. 2018 ; Vol. 20, No. 4. pp. 3060-3097.
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Ahmed, I, Khammari, H, Shahid, A, Musa, A, Kim, KS, De Poorter, E & Moerman, I 2018, 'A survey on hybrid beamforming techniques in 5G: Architecture and system model perspectives', IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials, vol. 20, no. 4, 8371237, pp. 3060-3097. https://doi.org/10.1109/COMST.2018.2843719

A survey on hybrid beamforming techniques in 5G : Architecture and system model perspectives. / Ahmed, Irfan; Khammari, Hedi; Shahid, Adnan; Musa, Ahmed; Kim, Kwang Soon; De Poorter, Eli; Moerman, Ingrid.

In: IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials, Vol. 20, No. 4, 8371237, 01.10.2018, p. 3060-3097.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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