A Typology of Substance Use Among Pregnant Teens in the United States

Christopher P. Salas-Wright, Michael George Vaughn, Jenny Ugalde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives Previous research suggests that, in general, youth who become pregnant during their teenage years tend to report elevated levels of substance use prior to conception and substantial reductions in use during pregnancy. While such studies provide insight into aggregate patterns of adolescent substance use in relation to pregnancy, they may have the unintended effect of masking the behavioral heterogeneity of pregnant teens. Methods The present study employs data from a large, population-based study of adolescents in the United States. We employ latent class analysis to identify subgroups of pregnant adolescents (ages 12–17; n = 810) on the basis of variables measuring the past 12-month and past 30-day use of an extensive array of substances. Results Results revealed a four class solution. Classes were identified as Class 1: Abstainers (n = 344, 42.47 %), Class 2: Drinkers (n = 303, 37.41 %), Class 3: Alcohol and Cannabis Users (n = 77, 9.51 %), and Class 4: Polydrug Users (n = 86, 10.62 %). The Abstainers class had the highest proportion of Hispanic youth (34.3 %) as well as the highest proportion of youth residing in households earning less than $20,000 per year (44.2 %). The Polydrug Users class had the highest proportion of youth who were in late adolescence (75.58 %), non-Hispanic white (54.65 %), high-income (13.95 %), and in their first trimester of pregnancy (58.33 %). Conclusions for Practice Findings point to an important degree of heterogeneity among pregnant teens and may have implications for the development of interventions designed for youth exhibiting disconcerting patterns of substance use prior to pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)646-654
Number of pages9
JournalMaternal and Child Health Journal
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Mar 1

Fingerprint

Pregnancy
First Pregnancy Trimester
Cannabis
Hispanic Americans
Alcohols
Research
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Salas-Wright, Christopher P. ; Vaughn, Michael George ; Ugalde, Jenny. / A Typology of Substance Use Among Pregnant Teens in the United States. In: Maternal and Child Health Journal. 2016 ; Vol. 20, No. 3. pp. 646-654.
@article{1aeab58f3e3843f8b76600aa7ce30dd0,
title = "A Typology of Substance Use Among Pregnant Teens in the United States",
abstract = "Objectives Previous research suggests that, in general, youth who become pregnant during their teenage years tend to report elevated levels of substance use prior to conception and substantial reductions in use during pregnancy. While such studies provide insight into aggregate patterns of adolescent substance use in relation to pregnancy, they may have the unintended effect of masking the behavioral heterogeneity of pregnant teens. Methods The present study employs data from a large, population-based study of adolescents in the United States. We employ latent class analysis to identify subgroups of pregnant adolescents (ages 12–17; n = 810) on the basis of variables measuring the past 12-month and past 30-day use of an extensive array of substances. Results Results revealed a four class solution. Classes were identified as Class 1: Abstainers (n = 344, 42.47 {\%}), Class 2: Drinkers (n = 303, 37.41 {\%}), Class 3: Alcohol and Cannabis Users (n = 77, 9.51 {\%}), and Class 4: Polydrug Users (n = 86, 10.62 {\%}). The Abstainers class had the highest proportion of Hispanic youth (34.3 {\%}) as well as the highest proportion of youth residing in households earning less than $20,000 per year (44.2 {\%}). The Polydrug Users class had the highest proportion of youth who were in late adolescence (75.58 {\%}), non-Hispanic white (54.65 {\%}), high-income (13.95 {\%}), and in their first trimester of pregnancy (58.33 {\%}). Conclusions for Practice Findings point to an important degree of heterogeneity among pregnant teens and may have implications for the development of interventions designed for youth exhibiting disconcerting patterns of substance use prior to pregnancy.",
author = "Salas-Wright, {Christopher P.} and Vaughn, {Michael George} and Jenny Ugalde",
year = "2016",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10995-015-1864-1",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
pages = "646--654",
journal = "Maternal and Child Health Journal",
issn = "1092-7875",
publisher = "Springer GmbH & Co, Auslieferungs-Gesellschaf",
number = "3",

}

A Typology of Substance Use Among Pregnant Teens in the United States. / Salas-Wright, Christopher P.; Vaughn, Michael George; Ugalde, Jenny.

In: Maternal and Child Health Journal, Vol. 20, No. 3, 01.03.2016, p. 646-654.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Typology of Substance Use Among Pregnant Teens in the United States

AU - Salas-Wright, Christopher P.

AU - Vaughn, Michael George

AU - Ugalde, Jenny

PY - 2016/3/1

Y1 - 2016/3/1

N2 - Objectives Previous research suggests that, in general, youth who become pregnant during their teenage years tend to report elevated levels of substance use prior to conception and substantial reductions in use during pregnancy. While such studies provide insight into aggregate patterns of adolescent substance use in relation to pregnancy, they may have the unintended effect of masking the behavioral heterogeneity of pregnant teens. Methods The present study employs data from a large, population-based study of adolescents in the United States. We employ latent class analysis to identify subgroups of pregnant adolescents (ages 12–17; n = 810) on the basis of variables measuring the past 12-month and past 30-day use of an extensive array of substances. Results Results revealed a four class solution. Classes were identified as Class 1: Abstainers (n = 344, 42.47 %), Class 2: Drinkers (n = 303, 37.41 %), Class 3: Alcohol and Cannabis Users (n = 77, 9.51 %), and Class 4: Polydrug Users (n = 86, 10.62 %). The Abstainers class had the highest proportion of Hispanic youth (34.3 %) as well as the highest proportion of youth residing in households earning less than $20,000 per year (44.2 %). The Polydrug Users class had the highest proportion of youth who were in late adolescence (75.58 %), non-Hispanic white (54.65 %), high-income (13.95 %), and in their first trimester of pregnancy (58.33 %). Conclusions for Practice Findings point to an important degree of heterogeneity among pregnant teens and may have implications for the development of interventions designed for youth exhibiting disconcerting patterns of substance use prior to pregnancy.

AB - Objectives Previous research suggests that, in general, youth who become pregnant during their teenage years tend to report elevated levels of substance use prior to conception and substantial reductions in use during pregnancy. While such studies provide insight into aggregate patterns of adolescent substance use in relation to pregnancy, they may have the unintended effect of masking the behavioral heterogeneity of pregnant teens. Methods The present study employs data from a large, population-based study of adolescents in the United States. We employ latent class analysis to identify subgroups of pregnant adolescents (ages 12–17; n = 810) on the basis of variables measuring the past 12-month and past 30-day use of an extensive array of substances. Results Results revealed a four class solution. Classes were identified as Class 1: Abstainers (n = 344, 42.47 %), Class 2: Drinkers (n = 303, 37.41 %), Class 3: Alcohol and Cannabis Users (n = 77, 9.51 %), and Class 4: Polydrug Users (n = 86, 10.62 %). The Abstainers class had the highest proportion of Hispanic youth (34.3 %) as well as the highest proportion of youth residing in households earning less than $20,000 per year (44.2 %). The Polydrug Users class had the highest proportion of youth who were in late adolescence (75.58 %), non-Hispanic white (54.65 %), high-income (13.95 %), and in their first trimester of pregnancy (58.33 %). Conclusions for Practice Findings point to an important degree of heterogeneity among pregnant teens and may have implications for the development of interventions designed for youth exhibiting disconcerting patterns of substance use prior to pregnancy.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84958108543&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84958108543&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10995-015-1864-1

DO - 10.1007/s10995-015-1864-1

M3 - Article

VL - 20

SP - 646

EP - 654

JO - Maternal and Child Health Journal

JF - Maternal and Child Health Journal

SN - 1092-7875

IS - 3

ER -