A validated finite element analysis of nerve root stress in degenerative lumbar scoliosis

Ho Joong Kim, Heoung Jae Chun, Kyoung Tak Kang, Hwan Mo Lee, Hak Sun Kim, Eun Su Moon, Jin Oh Park, Bo Hyun Hwang, Ju Hyun Son, Seong Hwan Moon

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19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Few studies have shown the relationship between the curve pattern and nerve root symptoms in degenerative lumbar scoliosis, and its mechanism remains unclear. We developed a finite element model of two patterns of scoliotic curves (isolated lateral bending curve, lateral bending combined with rotation curve). The stress on the nerve root was calculated on both sides (right and left) of the apex vertebra. In the lateral bending curves without rotation, the compressive nerve root stress on the concave side was greater than the tensile stress on the convex side at the apex vertebra. In contrast, when the segmental rotation of the vertebrae was added to the lateral bending curve, there was significantly higher tensile stress on the convex side, and lower compressive stress on the concave side. To conclude, rotatory listhesis may be an important pathomechanism in the development of neurologic symptoms on the convex side of the curve.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)599-605
Number of pages7
JournalMedical and Biological Engineering and Computing
Volume47
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Apr 8

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications

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