Efficient inorganic nanosheet-based electrode materials can be synthesized by the calcination of exfoliated Ti5NbO14 nanosheets under C2H2 flow. While the calcination in Ar atmosphere causes a phase transformation from layered Ti5NbO14 to TiO2 and Nb2O5, employing C2H2 atmosphere leads to the maintenance of the original layered structure of Ti5NbO14 upon the heat-treatment, which is attributable to the stabilization of layered lattice by surface passivation by deposited carbon layer. The resulting carbon@titanoniobate materials show mesoporous house-of-cards-type stacking structure of 2D nanosheets. This carbon@titanoniobate material delivers large discharge capacity of ~320 mA h g−1 with excellent cyclability and rate performance, which is much superior to that of carbon-free homologue. The present study clearly demonstrates that the heat-treatment under C2H2 flow provides a simple and effective route to high-performance inorganic nanosheet-based electrode materials.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP) (No. NRF-2014R1A2A1A10052809 ) and Korea Ministry of Environment (MOE) as 'Business Ideas Commercialization Program (RE20150914)'.
© 2016 Elsevier B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering