Abnormal Liver Stiffness Assessed Using Transient Elastography (Fibroscan®) in HIV-Infected Patients without HBV/HCV Coinfection Receiving Combined Antiretroviral Treatment

Sang Hoon Han, Seung Up Kim, Chang Oh Kim, Su Jin Jeong, Jun Yong Park, Jun Yong Choi, Do Young Kim, Sang Hoon Ahn, Young Goo Song, Kwang Hyub Han, June Myung Kim

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Abstract

Background and Aims: Liver stiffness measurement (LSM) using transient elastography (Fibroscan®) can identify individuals with potential underlying liver disease. We evaluated the prevalence of abnormal LSM values as assessed using LSM and its predictors in HIV-infected asymptomatic patients receiving combined antiretroviral treatment (cART) without HBV/HCV coinfection. Methods: We prospectively recruited 93 patients who had consistently been undergoing cART for more than 12 months at Severance Hospital in Seoul, Republic of Korea, from June to December 2010. LSM values >5.3 kPa were defined as abnormal. Results: Thirty-nine (41.9%) had abnormal LSM values. On multivariate correlation analysis, the cumulative duration of boosted and unboosted protease inhibitors (PIs) were the independent factors which showed a negative and positive correlation to LSM values, respectively (β = -0.234, P = 0.023 and β = 0.430, P<0.001). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, the cumulative exposure duration of boosted-PIs and γ-glutamyltranspeptidase levels were selected as the independent predictors which showed a negative and positive correlation with abnormal LSM values, respectively (odds ratio [OR], 0.941; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.889-0.997; P = 0.039 and OR, 1.032; 95% CI, 1.004-1.060; P = 0.023). Conclusion: The high percentage of HIV-infected asymptomatic patients receiving cART without HBV/HCV coinfection had abnormal LSM values. The cumulative exposure duration of boosted-PIs and γ-GT level were independent predictors which showed a negative and positive correlation with abnormal LSM values, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere52720
JournalPloS one
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 3

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Elasticity Imaging Techniques
Coinfection
mixed infection
Liver
Stiffness
HIV
liver
proteinase inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors
cumulative exposure
Therapeutics
odds ratio
exposure duration
confidence interval
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Republic of Korea
South Korea
liver diseases
Regression analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

Cite this

@article{c4006e7681084753a714c1435f8e702a,
title = "Abnormal Liver Stiffness Assessed Using Transient Elastography (Fibroscan{\circledR}) in HIV-Infected Patients without HBV/HCV Coinfection Receiving Combined Antiretroviral Treatment",
abstract = "Background and Aims: Liver stiffness measurement (LSM) using transient elastography (Fibroscan{\circledR}) can identify individuals with potential underlying liver disease. We evaluated the prevalence of abnormal LSM values as assessed using LSM and its predictors in HIV-infected asymptomatic patients receiving combined antiretroviral treatment (cART) without HBV/HCV coinfection. Methods: We prospectively recruited 93 patients who had consistently been undergoing cART for more than 12 months at Severance Hospital in Seoul, Republic of Korea, from June to December 2010. LSM values >5.3 kPa were defined as abnormal. Results: Thirty-nine (41.9{\%}) had abnormal LSM values. On multivariate correlation analysis, the cumulative duration of boosted and unboosted protease inhibitors (PIs) were the independent factors which showed a negative and positive correlation to LSM values, respectively (β = -0.234, P = 0.023 and β = 0.430, P<0.001). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, the cumulative exposure duration of boosted-PIs and γ-glutamyltranspeptidase levels were selected as the independent predictors which showed a negative and positive correlation with abnormal LSM values, respectively (odds ratio [OR], 0.941; 95{\%} confidence interval [CI], 0.889-0.997; P = 0.039 and OR, 1.032; 95{\%} CI, 1.004-1.060; P = 0.023). Conclusion: The high percentage of HIV-infected asymptomatic patients receiving cART without HBV/HCV coinfection had abnormal LSM values. The cumulative exposure duration of boosted-PIs and γ-GT level were independent predictors which showed a negative and positive correlation with abnormal LSM values, respectively.",
author = "Han, {Sang Hoon} and Kim, {Seung Up} and Kim, {Chang Oh} and Jeong, {Su Jin} and Park, {Jun Yong} and Choi, {Jun Yong} and Kim, {Do Young} and Ahn, {Sang Hoon} and Song, {Young Goo} and Han, {Kwang Hyub} and Kim, {June Myung}",
year = "2013",
month = "1",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0052720",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
journal = "PLoS One",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Abnormal Liver Stiffness Assessed Using Transient Elastography (Fibroscan®) in HIV-Infected Patients without HBV/HCV Coinfection Receiving Combined Antiretroviral Treatment

AU - Han, Sang Hoon

AU - Kim, Seung Up

AU - Kim, Chang Oh

AU - Jeong, Su Jin

AU - Park, Jun Yong

AU - Choi, Jun Yong

AU - Kim, Do Young

AU - Ahn, Sang Hoon

AU - Song, Young Goo

AU - Han, Kwang Hyub

AU - Kim, June Myung

PY - 2013/1/3

Y1 - 2013/1/3

N2 - Background and Aims: Liver stiffness measurement (LSM) using transient elastography (Fibroscan®) can identify individuals with potential underlying liver disease. We evaluated the prevalence of abnormal LSM values as assessed using LSM and its predictors in HIV-infected asymptomatic patients receiving combined antiretroviral treatment (cART) without HBV/HCV coinfection. Methods: We prospectively recruited 93 patients who had consistently been undergoing cART for more than 12 months at Severance Hospital in Seoul, Republic of Korea, from June to December 2010. LSM values >5.3 kPa were defined as abnormal. Results: Thirty-nine (41.9%) had abnormal LSM values. On multivariate correlation analysis, the cumulative duration of boosted and unboosted protease inhibitors (PIs) were the independent factors which showed a negative and positive correlation to LSM values, respectively (β = -0.234, P = 0.023 and β = 0.430, P<0.001). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, the cumulative exposure duration of boosted-PIs and γ-glutamyltranspeptidase levels were selected as the independent predictors which showed a negative and positive correlation with abnormal LSM values, respectively (odds ratio [OR], 0.941; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.889-0.997; P = 0.039 and OR, 1.032; 95% CI, 1.004-1.060; P = 0.023). Conclusion: The high percentage of HIV-infected asymptomatic patients receiving cART without HBV/HCV coinfection had abnormal LSM values. The cumulative exposure duration of boosted-PIs and γ-GT level were independent predictors which showed a negative and positive correlation with abnormal LSM values, respectively.

AB - Background and Aims: Liver stiffness measurement (LSM) using transient elastography (Fibroscan®) can identify individuals with potential underlying liver disease. We evaluated the prevalence of abnormal LSM values as assessed using LSM and its predictors in HIV-infected asymptomatic patients receiving combined antiretroviral treatment (cART) without HBV/HCV coinfection. Methods: We prospectively recruited 93 patients who had consistently been undergoing cART for more than 12 months at Severance Hospital in Seoul, Republic of Korea, from June to December 2010. LSM values >5.3 kPa were defined as abnormal. Results: Thirty-nine (41.9%) had abnormal LSM values. On multivariate correlation analysis, the cumulative duration of boosted and unboosted protease inhibitors (PIs) were the independent factors which showed a negative and positive correlation to LSM values, respectively (β = -0.234, P = 0.023 and β = 0.430, P<0.001). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, the cumulative exposure duration of boosted-PIs and γ-glutamyltranspeptidase levels were selected as the independent predictors which showed a negative and positive correlation with abnormal LSM values, respectively (odds ratio [OR], 0.941; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.889-0.997; P = 0.039 and OR, 1.032; 95% CI, 1.004-1.060; P = 0.023). Conclusion: The high percentage of HIV-infected asymptomatic patients receiving cART without HBV/HCV coinfection had abnormal LSM values. The cumulative exposure duration of boosted-PIs and γ-GT level were independent predictors which showed a negative and positive correlation with abnormal LSM values, respectively.

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U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0052720

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0052720

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JF - PLoS One

SN - 1932-6203

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