Absolute optical frequency measurements with a fractional frequency uncertainty at 1 × 10-15

J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, K. Kim, L. Hollberg, E. A. Donley, T. P. Heavner, S. R. Jefferts, F. Levi, T. E. Parker, J. C. Bergquist, W. M. Itano, M. J. Jensen, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, T. M. Fortier

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We report the technical details specific to our recent measurements of the optical frequency of the mercury single-ion frequency standard in terms of the SI second as realized by the NIST-F1 cesium fountain clock. In these measurements the total fractional uncertainty is ≈ 10-15, limited by the statistical measurement uncertainty. In this paper we will address the techniques employed for the optical-to-microwave comparison itself, which had an estimated fractional uncertainty of ∼ 3 × 10-16, limited by the stability of the electronics used for the comparison.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2006 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium and Exposition
Pages462-469
Number of pages8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Dec 1
Event2006 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium and Exposition - Miami, FL, United States
Duration: 2006 Jun 42006 Jun 7

Other

Other2006 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium and Exposition
CountryUnited States
CityMiami, FL
Period06/6/406/6/7

Fingerprint

Fountains
Frequency standards
Cesium
Clocks
Electronic equipment
Microwaves
Ions
Uncertainty

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Stalnaker, J. E., Diddams, S. A., Kim, K., Hollberg, L., Donley, E. A., Heavner, T. P., ... Fortier, T. M. (2007). Absolute optical frequency measurements with a fractional frequency uncertainty at 1 × 10-15. In 2006 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium and Exposition (pp. 462-469). [4053808] https://doi.org/10.1109/FREQ.2006.275430
Stalnaker, J. E. ; Diddams, S. A. ; Kim, K. ; Hollberg, L. ; Donley, E. A. ; Heavner, T. P. ; Jefferts, S. R. ; Levi, F. ; Parker, T. E. ; Bergquist, J. C. ; Itano, W. M. ; Jensen, M. J. ; Lorini, L. ; Oskay, W. H. ; Fortier, T. M. / Absolute optical frequency measurements with a fractional frequency uncertainty at 1 × 10-15. 2006 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium and Exposition. 2007. pp. 462-469
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abstract = "We report the technical details specific to our recent measurements of the optical frequency of the mercury single-ion frequency standard in terms of the SI second as realized by the NIST-F1 cesium fountain clock. In these measurements the total fractional uncertainty is ≈ 10-15, limited by the statistical measurement uncertainty. In this paper we will address the techniques employed for the optical-to-microwave comparison itself, which had an estimated fractional uncertainty of ∼ 3 × 10-16, limited by the stability of the electronics used for the comparison.",
author = "Stalnaker, {J. E.} and Diddams, {S. A.} and K. Kim and L. Hollberg and Donley, {E. A.} and Heavner, {T. P.} and Jefferts, {S. R.} and F. Levi and Parker, {T. E.} and Bergquist, {J. C.} and Itano, {W. M.} and Jensen, {M. J.} and L. Lorini and Oskay, {W. H.} and Fortier, {T. M.}",
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doi = "10.1109/FREQ.2006.275430",
language = "English",
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Stalnaker, JE, Diddams, SA, Kim, K, Hollberg, L, Donley, EA, Heavner, TP, Jefferts, SR, Levi, F, Parker, TE, Bergquist, JC, Itano, WM, Jensen, MJ, Lorini, L, Oskay, WH & Fortier, TM 2007, Absolute optical frequency measurements with a fractional frequency uncertainty at 1 × 10-15. in 2006 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium and Exposition., 4053808, pp. 462-469, 2006 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium and Exposition, Miami, FL, United States, 06/6/4. https://doi.org/10.1109/FREQ.2006.275430

Absolute optical frequency measurements with a fractional frequency uncertainty at 1 × 10-15. / Stalnaker, J. E.; Diddams, S. A.; Kim, K.; Hollberg, L.; Donley, E. A.; Heavner, T. P.; Jefferts, S. R.; Levi, F.; Parker, T. E.; Bergquist, J. C.; Itano, W. M.; Jensen, M. J.; Lorini, L.; Oskay, W. H.; Fortier, T. M.

2006 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium and Exposition. 2007. p. 462-469 4053808.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Stalnaker JE, Diddams SA, Kim K, Hollberg L, Donley EA, Heavner TP et al. Absolute optical frequency measurements with a fractional frequency uncertainty at 1 × 10-15. In 2006 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium and Exposition. 2007. p. 462-469. 4053808 https://doi.org/10.1109/FREQ.2006.275430