Abstention from Drug Use and Delinquency Increasing among Youth in the United States, 2002–2014

Michael George Vaughn, Erik J. Nelson, Sehun Oh, Christopher P. Salas-Wright, Matt DeLisi, Katie J. Holzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Trends in abstaining from substance use and delinquency among adolescent's ages 12–17 in the United States was examined. Methods: Data was derived from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) involving non-Hispanic white, African American, and Hispanic respondents (n = 98,620) and spanning the years 2002–2014. Logistic regression was used to examine significance of trend year and correlates of low-risk and high-risk behavioral groups relative to abstaining. Results: Overall, the prevalence of abstaining was 47.56% between 2002 and 2014. Prevalence increased significantly among all adolescents from 44.85% in 2002 to 53.58% in 2014. Relative to abstainers nonabstaining youth were more likely to be male, and report lower household income, poorer grades, depression, and lower levels of parental affirmation and control. Conclusions: Findings indicate that there is a corresponding increase in abstaining mirroring the recent decreases found in adolescent drug use found in national surveys.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1468-1481
Number of pages14
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Volume53
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jul 29

Fingerprint

delinquency
drug use
adolescent
Pharmaceutical Preparations
trend
household income
low income
logistics
Hispanic Americans
African Americans
regression
Logistic Models
Depression
health
Health
Group
Surveys and Questionnaires

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Vaughn, Michael George ; Nelson, Erik J. ; Oh, Sehun ; Salas-Wright, Christopher P. ; DeLisi, Matt ; Holzer, Katie J. / Abstention from Drug Use and Delinquency Increasing among Youth in the United States, 2002–2014. In: Substance Use and Misuse. 2018 ; Vol. 53, No. 9. pp. 1468-1481.
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Abstention from Drug Use and Delinquency Increasing among Youth in the United States, 2002–2014. / Vaughn, Michael George; Nelson, Erik J.; Oh, Sehun; Salas-Wright, Christopher P.; DeLisi, Matt; Holzer, Katie J.

In: Substance Use and Misuse, Vol. 53, No. 9, 29.07.2018, p. 1468-1481.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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