Background: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been known to accelerate bone healing. Many cells and molecules have been investigated but the exact mechanism is still unknown. The neuroinflammatory state of TBI has been reported recently. We aimed to investigate the effect of TBI on fracture healing in patients with tibia fractures and assess whether the factors associated with hematoma formation changed more significantly in the laboratory tests in the fractures accompanied with TBI. Methods: We retrospectively investigated patients who were surgically treated for tibia fractures and who showed secondary bone healing. Patients with and without TBI were divided for comparative analyses. Radiological parameters were time to callus formation and the largest callus ratio during follow-up. Preoperative levels of complete blood count and chemical battery on admission were measured in all patients. Subgroup division regarding age, gender, open fracture, concomitant fracture and severity of TBI were compared. Results: We included 48 patients with a mean age of 44.9 (range, 17–78), of whom 35 patients (72.9%) were male. There were 12 patients with TBI (Group 1) and 36 patients without TBI (Group 2). Group 1 showed shorter time to callus formation (P < 0.001), thicker callus ratio (P = 0.015), leukocytosis and lymphocytosis (P ≤ 0.028), and lower red blood cell counts (RBCs), hemoglobin, and hematocrit (P < 0.001). Aging and severity of TBI were correlated with time to callus formation and callus ratio (P ≤ 0.003) while gender, open fracture, and concomitant fracture were unremarkable. Conclusion: Tibia fractures with TBI showed accelerated bone healing and superior measurements associated with hematoma formation (lymphocytes, RBCs, hemoglobin, hematocrit). Promoted fracture healing in TBI was correlated with the enhanced proinflammatory state. Level of evidence: III, case control study.
|Journal||BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders|
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Dec|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
One of the authors (D.W.S.) has received funding from National Research Foundation of Korea(NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (NRF-2022R1F1A1071373). Funding was utilized in the analysis, interpretation of data, and writing the manuscript.
© 2022, The Author(s).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine