Accurate assessment of alpha-gal syndrome using cetuximab and bovine thyroglobulin-specific IgE

Da Woon Sim, Jong Sun Lee, Kyung Hee Park, Kyoung Yong Jeong, Young Min Ye, Jae Hyun Lee, Jung Won Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Scope: IgE against galactose-α-1,3-galactose (α-Gal) causes alpha-gal syndrome. Bovine thyroglobulin (BTG) and cetuximab share this epitope. We aimed to determine the utility of specific IgE (sIgE) against cetuximab as compared to BTG for diagnosing alpha-gal syndrome. Methods and results: Twelve patients with alpha-gal syndrome, 11 patients with immediate beef or pork allergy, 18 asymptomatic individuals with meat sensitization, and 10 non-atopic subjects were enrolled. We checked the levels of sIgE against BTG and cetuximab using the streptavidin CAP assay. Additionally, IgE reactivity to BTG and cetuximab was assessed by immunoblotting. All alpha-gal syndrome patients had a high concentration of sIgE against BTG, and cetuximab. In contrast to alpha-gal syndrome, patients with immediate allergic reactions to meat consumption and those with asymptomatic sensitization had significantly lower concentration of BTG and cetuximab sIgE, and a high prevalence of sIgE against bovine or porcine serum albumin. Although the concentration of sIgE against alpha-gal was lower in individuals with asymptomatic sensitization, IgE immunoblotting showed the presence of sIgE against α-Gal in this group. Conclusion: Differentiation of alpha-gal syndrome from patients with immediate allergy to meat consumption or asymptomatic sensitization requires quantification of cetuximab- or BTG-induced sIgE via detection of IgE for α-gal.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1601046
JournalMolecular Nutrition and Food Research
Volume61
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Oct

Fingerprint

thyroglobulin
Thyroglobulin
Immunoglobulin E
cattle
hypersensitivity
meat consumption
immunoblotting
galactose
Meat
Hypersensitivity
Immunoblotting
streptavidin
Cetuximab
serum albumin
epitopes
pork
beef
Streptavidin
meat
Serum Albumin

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science

Cite this

Sim, Da Woon ; Lee, Jong Sun ; Park, Kyung Hee ; Jeong, Kyoung Yong ; Ye, Young Min ; Lee, Jae Hyun ; Park, Jung Won. / Accurate assessment of alpha-gal syndrome using cetuximab and bovine thyroglobulin-specific IgE. In: Molecular Nutrition and Food Research. 2017 ; Vol. 61, No. 10.
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abstract = "Scope: IgE against galactose-α-1,3-galactose (α-Gal) causes alpha-gal syndrome. Bovine thyroglobulin (BTG) and cetuximab share this epitope. We aimed to determine the utility of specific IgE (sIgE) against cetuximab as compared to BTG for diagnosing alpha-gal syndrome. Methods and results: Twelve patients with alpha-gal syndrome, 11 patients with immediate beef or pork allergy, 18 asymptomatic individuals with meat sensitization, and 10 non-atopic subjects were enrolled. We checked the levels of sIgE against BTG and cetuximab using the streptavidin CAP assay. Additionally, IgE reactivity to BTG and cetuximab was assessed by immunoblotting. All alpha-gal syndrome patients had a high concentration of sIgE against BTG, and cetuximab. In contrast to alpha-gal syndrome, patients with immediate allergic reactions to meat consumption and those with asymptomatic sensitization had significantly lower concentration of BTG and cetuximab sIgE, and a high prevalence of sIgE against bovine or porcine serum albumin. Although the concentration of sIgE against alpha-gal was lower in individuals with asymptomatic sensitization, IgE immunoblotting showed the presence of sIgE against α-Gal in this group. Conclusion: Differentiation of alpha-gal syndrome from patients with immediate allergy to meat consumption or asymptomatic sensitization requires quantification of cetuximab- or BTG-induced sIgE via detection of IgE for α-gal.",
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Accurate assessment of alpha-gal syndrome using cetuximab and bovine thyroglobulin-specific IgE. / Sim, Da Woon; Lee, Jong Sun; Park, Kyung Hee; Jeong, Kyoung Yong; Ye, Young Min; Lee, Jae Hyun; Park, Jung Won.

In: Molecular Nutrition and Food Research, Vol. 61, No. 10, 1601046, 10.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Accurate assessment of alpha-gal syndrome using cetuximab and bovine thyroglobulin-specific IgE

AU - Sim, Da Woon

AU - Lee, Jong Sun

AU - Park, Kyung Hee

AU - Jeong, Kyoung Yong

AU - Ye, Young Min

AU - Lee, Jae Hyun

AU - Park, Jung Won

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N2 - Scope: IgE against galactose-α-1,3-galactose (α-Gal) causes alpha-gal syndrome. Bovine thyroglobulin (BTG) and cetuximab share this epitope. We aimed to determine the utility of specific IgE (sIgE) against cetuximab as compared to BTG for diagnosing alpha-gal syndrome. Methods and results: Twelve patients with alpha-gal syndrome, 11 patients with immediate beef or pork allergy, 18 asymptomatic individuals with meat sensitization, and 10 non-atopic subjects were enrolled. We checked the levels of sIgE against BTG and cetuximab using the streptavidin CAP assay. Additionally, IgE reactivity to BTG and cetuximab was assessed by immunoblotting. All alpha-gal syndrome patients had a high concentration of sIgE against BTG, and cetuximab. In contrast to alpha-gal syndrome, patients with immediate allergic reactions to meat consumption and those with asymptomatic sensitization had significantly lower concentration of BTG and cetuximab sIgE, and a high prevalence of sIgE against bovine or porcine serum albumin. Although the concentration of sIgE against alpha-gal was lower in individuals with asymptomatic sensitization, IgE immunoblotting showed the presence of sIgE against α-Gal in this group. Conclusion: Differentiation of alpha-gal syndrome from patients with immediate allergy to meat consumption or asymptomatic sensitization requires quantification of cetuximab- or BTG-induced sIgE via detection of IgE for α-gal.

AB - Scope: IgE against galactose-α-1,3-galactose (α-Gal) causes alpha-gal syndrome. Bovine thyroglobulin (BTG) and cetuximab share this epitope. We aimed to determine the utility of specific IgE (sIgE) against cetuximab as compared to BTG for diagnosing alpha-gal syndrome. Methods and results: Twelve patients with alpha-gal syndrome, 11 patients with immediate beef or pork allergy, 18 asymptomatic individuals with meat sensitization, and 10 non-atopic subjects were enrolled. We checked the levels of sIgE against BTG and cetuximab using the streptavidin CAP assay. Additionally, IgE reactivity to BTG and cetuximab was assessed by immunoblotting. All alpha-gal syndrome patients had a high concentration of sIgE against BTG, and cetuximab. In contrast to alpha-gal syndrome, patients with immediate allergic reactions to meat consumption and those with asymptomatic sensitization had significantly lower concentration of BTG and cetuximab sIgE, and a high prevalence of sIgE against bovine or porcine serum albumin. Although the concentration of sIgE against alpha-gal was lower in individuals with asymptomatic sensitization, IgE immunoblotting showed the presence of sIgE against α-Gal in this group. Conclusion: Differentiation of alpha-gal syndrome from patients with immediate allergy to meat consumption or asymptomatic sensitization requires quantification of cetuximab- or BTG-induced sIgE via detection of IgE for α-gal.

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