Accurate assessment of alpha-gal syndrome using cetuximab and bovine thyroglobulin-specific IgE

Da Woon Sim, Jong Sun Lee, Kyung Hee Park, Kyoung Yong Jeong, Young Min Ye, Jae Hyun Lee, Jung Won Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Scope: IgE against galactose-α-1,3-galactose (α-Gal) causes alpha-gal syndrome. Bovine thyroglobulin (BTG) and cetuximab share this epitope. We aimed to determine the utility of specific IgE (sIgE) against cetuximab as compared to BTG for diagnosing alpha-gal syndrome. Methods and results: Twelve patients with alpha-gal syndrome, 11 patients with immediate beef or pork allergy, 18 asymptomatic individuals with meat sensitization, and 10 non-atopic subjects were enrolled. We checked the levels of sIgE against BTG and cetuximab using the streptavidin CAP assay. Additionally, IgE reactivity to BTG and cetuximab was assessed by immunoblotting. All alpha-gal syndrome patients had a high concentration of sIgE against BTG, and cetuximab. In contrast to alpha-gal syndrome, patients with immediate allergic reactions to meat consumption and those with asymptomatic sensitization had significantly lower concentration of BTG and cetuximab sIgE, and a high prevalence of sIgE against bovine or porcine serum albumin. Although the concentration of sIgE against alpha-gal was lower in individuals with asymptomatic sensitization, IgE immunoblotting showed the presence of sIgE against α-Gal in this group. Conclusion: Differentiation of alpha-gal syndrome from patients with immediate allergy to meat consumption or asymptomatic sensitization requires quantification of cetuximab- or BTG-induced sIgE via detection of IgE for α-gal.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1601046
JournalMolecular Nutrition and Food Research
Volume61
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Oct

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science

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