The identification of new isoform-specific histone deacetylase inhibitors is important for revealing the biological functions of individual histone deacetylase and for determining their potential use as therapeutic agents. Among the 11 zinc-dependent histone deacetylases that have been identified in humans, histone deacetylase 6 is a structurally and functionally unique enzyme. Here, we tested the inhibitory activity of diarylheptanoids isolated from Betula platyphylla against histone deacetylase 6. Aceroside VIII selectively inhibited histone deacetylase 6 catalytic activity and the combined treatment of aceroside VIII or (-)-centrolobol with A452, another selective histone deacetylase 6 inhibitor, led to a synergistic increase in levels of acetylated α-tubulin. Aceroside VIII, paltyphyllone, and (-)-centrolobol synergistically enhanced the induction of apoptosis and growth inhibition by A452. Consistent with these results, A452 in combination with aceroside VIII, paltyphyllone, or (-)-centrolobol was more potent than either drug alone for the induction of apoptosis. Together, these findings indicate that aceroside VIII is a specific histone deacetylase 6 inhibitor and points to a mechanism by which natural histone deacetylase 6-selective inhibitors may enhance the efficacy of other histone deacetylase 6 inhibitors in colon cancer cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Molecular Medicine
- Pharmaceutical Science
- Drug Discovery
- Complementary and alternative medicine
- Organic Chemistry