Achieving a carbon neutral society without industry contraction in the five major steel producing countries

Kyunsuk Choi, Hiroyuki Matsuura, Hyunjoung Lee, Il Sohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This study analyzed the direct and indirect CO2 emissions of the energy-intensive basic metals industry, in particular steels, using the distributions of various energy sources, including coal/peat, oil, and electricity, from an input-output table. An analysis of five major steel producing countries indicated that direct CO2 emissions increased 1.4-fold and that indirect CO2 emissions increased by more than two-fold between 1995 and 2010. The elasticity of the CO2 emissions and the total energy costs indicated that Korea, Japan, and Germany are sensitive to energy sources from the electric power industry, whereas China and the US are more sensitive to energy sources pertaining to the coal and oil industry. Using the available forest area and photosynthesis, the potential neutralization ability of CO2 was estimated using the eco-CO2 index. The US yielded the highest CO2 neutralization ability of 66.1%, whereas Korea yielded a CO2 neutralization ability of 15%. Future trends of the 2030 eco-CO2 index revealed China and Korea will rapidly lose their neutralization ability resulting in a net negative neutralization ability if left unabated. The significant decline in the eco-CO2 index for the basic metals industry may be inhibited by utilizing bamboo wood charcoal for pulverized coal injection (PCI) in the steelmaking process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Volume8
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1

Fingerprint

neutralization
contraction
steel
energy source
basic industry
Carbon
coal
industry
Steel
metal industry
carbon
Korea
Coal
ability
metals industry
Industry
Charcoal
electric power industry
Bamboo
Peat

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

@article{bd0c2c4184a44c02b6310e83dcc14ebc,
title = "Achieving a carbon neutral society without industry contraction in the five major steel producing countries",
abstract = "This study analyzed the direct and indirect CO2 emissions of the energy-intensive basic metals industry, in particular steels, using the distributions of various energy sources, including coal/peat, oil, and electricity, from an input-output table. An analysis of five major steel producing countries indicated that direct CO2 emissions increased 1.4-fold and that indirect CO2 emissions increased by more than two-fold between 1995 and 2010. The elasticity of the CO2 emissions and the total energy costs indicated that Korea, Japan, and Germany are sensitive to energy sources from the electric power industry, whereas China and the US are more sensitive to energy sources pertaining to the coal and oil industry. Using the available forest area and photosynthesis, the potential neutralization ability of CO2 was estimated using the eco-CO2 index. The US yielded the highest CO2 neutralization ability of 66.1{\%}, whereas Korea yielded a CO2 neutralization ability of 15{\%}. Future trends of the 2030 eco-CO2 index revealed China and Korea will rapidly lose their neutralization ability resulting in a net negative neutralization ability if left unabated. The significant decline in the eco-CO2 index for the basic metals industry may be inhibited by utilizing bamboo wood charcoal for pulverized coal injection (PCI) in the steelmaking process.",
author = "Kyunsuk Choi and Hiroyuki Matsuura and Hyunjoung Lee and Il Sohn",
year = "2016",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3390/su8050484",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "1--18",
journal = "Sustainability",
issn = "2071-1050",
publisher = "MDPI AG",
number = "5",

}

Achieving a carbon neutral society without industry contraction in the five major steel producing countries. / Choi, Kyunsuk; Matsuura, Hiroyuki; Lee, Hyunjoung; Sohn, Il.

In: Sustainability (Switzerland), Vol. 8, No. 5, 01.01.2016, p. 1-18.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Achieving a carbon neutral society without industry contraction in the five major steel producing countries

AU - Choi, Kyunsuk

AU - Matsuura, Hiroyuki

AU - Lee, Hyunjoung

AU - Sohn, Il

PY - 2016/1/1

Y1 - 2016/1/1

N2 - This study analyzed the direct and indirect CO2 emissions of the energy-intensive basic metals industry, in particular steels, using the distributions of various energy sources, including coal/peat, oil, and electricity, from an input-output table. An analysis of five major steel producing countries indicated that direct CO2 emissions increased 1.4-fold and that indirect CO2 emissions increased by more than two-fold between 1995 and 2010. The elasticity of the CO2 emissions and the total energy costs indicated that Korea, Japan, and Germany are sensitive to energy sources from the electric power industry, whereas China and the US are more sensitive to energy sources pertaining to the coal and oil industry. Using the available forest area and photosynthesis, the potential neutralization ability of CO2 was estimated using the eco-CO2 index. The US yielded the highest CO2 neutralization ability of 66.1%, whereas Korea yielded a CO2 neutralization ability of 15%. Future trends of the 2030 eco-CO2 index revealed China and Korea will rapidly lose their neutralization ability resulting in a net negative neutralization ability if left unabated. The significant decline in the eco-CO2 index for the basic metals industry may be inhibited by utilizing bamboo wood charcoal for pulverized coal injection (PCI) in the steelmaking process.

AB - This study analyzed the direct and indirect CO2 emissions of the energy-intensive basic metals industry, in particular steels, using the distributions of various energy sources, including coal/peat, oil, and electricity, from an input-output table. An analysis of five major steel producing countries indicated that direct CO2 emissions increased 1.4-fold and that indirect CO2 emissions increased by more than two-fold between 1995 and 2010. The elasticity of the CO2 emissions and the total energy costs indicated that Korea, Japan, and Germany are sensitive to energy sources from the electric power industry, whereas China and the US are more sensitive to energy sources pertaining to the coal and oil industry. Using the available forest area and photosynthesis, the potential neutralization ability of CO2 was estimated using the eco-CO2 index. The US yielded the highest CO2 neutralization ability of 66.1%, whereas Korea yielded a CO2 neutralization ability of 15%. Future trends of the 2030 eco-CO2 index revealed China and Korea will rapidly lose their neutralization ability resulting in a net negative neutralization ability if left unabated. The significant decline in the eco-CO2 index for the basic metals industry may be inhibited by utilizing bamboo wood charcoal for pulverized coal injection (PCI) in the steelmaking process.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84971014975&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84971014975&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/su8050484

DO - 10.3390/su8050484

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84971014975

VL - 8

SP - 1

EP - 18

JO - Sustainability

JF - Sustainability

SN - 2071-1050

IS - 5

ER -