In this paper, active frequency selective surfaces (FSS) having a squared aperture with a metal plate loading are described. Active FSS elements using switched PIN diodes are discussed with an equivalent circuit model. A unit cell consists of a square aperture element with metal island loading and one PIN diode placed at the upper gap, considering the vertical polarization. The electromagnetic properties of the active FSS structure are changed by applying dc bias to the substrate, and they can be estimated by the equivalent circuit model of the FSS structure and PIN diode. This active FSS design enables transmission to be switched on or off at 2.3 GHz, providing high transmission when the diodes are in an off state and high isolation when the diodes are on. The equivalent circuit model in the structure is investigated by analyzing transmission and reflection spectra. Measurements on active FSS are compared with numerical calculations. The experimentally observed frequency responses are also scrutinized.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering