Active site model of (R)-selective ω-transaminase and its application to the production of d-amino acids

Eul Soo Park, Joo Young Dong, jong shik shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

ω-Transaminase (ω-TA) is one of the important biocatalytic toolkits owing to its unique enzyme property which enables the transfer of an amino group between primary amines and carbonyl compounds. In addition to preparation of chiral amines, ω-TA reactions have been exploited for the asymmetric synthesis of l-amino acids using (S)-selective ω-TAs. However, despite the availability of (R)-selective ω-TAs, catalytic utility of the ω-TAs has not been explored for the production of d-amino acids. Here, we investigated the substrate specificity of (R)-selective ω-TAs from Aspergillus terreus and Aspergillus fumigatus and demonstrated the asymmetric synthesis of d-amino acids from α-keto acids. Substrate specificity toward d-amino acids and α-keto acids revealed that the two (R)-selective ω-TAs possess strict steric constraints in the small binding pocket that precludes the entry of a substituent larger than an ethyl group, which is reminiscent of (S)-selective ω-TAs. Molecular models of the active site bound to an external aldimine were constructed and used to explain the observed substrate specificity and stereoselectivity. α-Methylbenzylamine (α-MBA) showed the highest amino donor reactivity among five primary amines (benzylamine, α-MBA, α-ethylbenzylamine, 1-aminoindan, and isopropylamine), leading us to employ α-MBA as an amino donor for the amination of 5 reactive α-keto acids (pyruvate, 2-oxobutyrate, fluoropyruvate, hydroxypyruvate, and 2-oxopentanoate) among 17 ones tested. Unlike the previously characterized (S)-selective ω-TAs, the enzyme activity of the (R)-selective ω-TAs was not inhibited by acetophenone (i.e., a deamination product of α-MBA). Using racemic α-MBA as an amino donor, five d-amino acids (d-alanine, d-homoalanine, d-fluoroalanine, d-serine, and d-norvaline) were synthesized with excellent product enantiopurity (enantiomeric excess >99.7 %).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)651-660
Number of pages10
JournalApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Volume98
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

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Transaminases
Catalytic Domain
Keto Acids
Amino Acids
Substrate Specificity
Amines
Amination
Deamination
Molecular Models
Aspergillus fumigatus
Enzymes
Aspergillus
Pyruvic Acid
Alanine
Serine

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Cite this

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title = "Active site model of (R)-selective ω-transaminase and its application to the production of d-amino acids",
abstract = "ω-Transaminase (ω-TA) is one of the important biocatalytic toolkits owing to its unique enzyme property which enables the transfer of an amino group between primary amines and carbonyl compounds. In addition to preparation of chiral amines, ω-TA reactions have been exploited for the asymmetric synthesis of l-amino acids using (S)-selective ω-TAs. However, despite the availability of (R)-selective ω-TAs, catalytic utility of the ω-TAs has not been explored for the production of d-amino acids. Here, we investigated the substrate specificity of (R)-selective ω-TAs from Aspergillus terreus and Aspergillus fumigatus and demonstrated the asymmetric synthesis of d-amino acids from α-keto acids. Substrate specificity toward d-amino acids and α-keto acids revealed that the two (R)-selective ω-TAs possess strict steric constraints in the small binding pocket that precludes the entry of a substituent larger than an ethyl group, which is reminiscent of (S)-selective ω-TAs. Molecular models of the active site bound to an external aldimine were constructed and used to explain the observed substrate specificity and stereoselectivity. α-Methylbenzylamine (α-MBA) showed the highest amino donor reactivity among five primary amines (benzylamine, α-MBA, α-ethylbenzylamine, 1-aminoindan, and isopropylamine), leading us to employ α-MBA as an amino donor for the amination of 5 reactive α-keto acids (pyruvate, 2-oxobutyrate, fluoropyruvate, hydroxypyruvate, and 2-oxopentanoate) among 17 ones tested. Unlike the previously characterized (S)-selective ω-TAs, the enzyme activity of the (R)-selective ω-TAs was not inhibited by acetophenone (i.e., a deamination product of α-MBA). Using racemic α-MBA as an amino donor, five d-amino acids (d-alanine, d-homoalanine, d-fluoroalanine, d-serine, and d-norvaline) were synthesized with excellent product enantiopurity (enantiomeric excess >99.7 {\%}).",
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Active site model of (R)-selective ω-transaminase and its application to the production of d-amino acids. / Park, Eul Soo; Dong, Joo Young; shin, jong shik.

In: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol. 98, No. 2, 01.01.2014, p. 651-660.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - ω-Transaminase (ω-TA) is one of the important biocatalytic toolkits owing to its unique enzyme property which enables the transfer of an amino group between primary amines and carbonyl compounds. In addition to preparation of chiral amines, ω-TA reactions have been exploited for the asymmetric synthesis of l-amino acids using (S)-selective ω-TAs. However, despite the availability of (R)-selective ω-TAs, catalytic utility of the ω-TAs has not been explored for the production of d-amino acids. Here, we investigated the substrate specificity of (R)-selective ω-TAs from Aspergillus terreus and Aspergillus fumigatus and demonstrated the asymmetric synthesis of d-amino acids from α-keto acids. Substrate specificity toward d-amino acids and α-keto acids revealed that the two (R)-selective ω-TAs possess strict steric constraints in the small binding pocket that precludes the entry of a substituent larger than an ethyl group, which is reminiscent of (S)-selective ω-TAs. Molecular models of the active site bound to an external aldimine were constructed and used to explain the observed substrate specificity and stereoselectivity. α-Methylbenzylamine (α-MBA) showed the highest amino donor reactivity among five primary amines (benzylamine, α-MBA, α-ethylbenzylamine, 1-aminoindan, and isopropylamine), leading us to employ α-MBA as an amino donor for the amination of 5 reactive α-keto acids (pyruvate, 2-oxobutyrate, fluoropyruvate, hydroxypyruvate, and 2-oxopentanoate) among 17 ones tested. Unlike the previously characterized (S)-selective ω-TAs, the enzyme activity of the (R)-selective ω-TAs was not inhibited by acetophenone (i.e., a deamination product of α-MBA). Using racemic α-MBA as an amino donor, five d-amino acids (d-alanine, d-homoalanine, d-fluoroalanine, d-serine, and d-norvaline) were synthesized with excellent product enantiopurity (enantiomeric excess >99.7 %).

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