This letter proposes a new mode selection scheme to improve the overall packet rates for device-to-device (D2D) communications systems in the bursty traffic model. We consider three types of D2D modes, i.e., dedicated mode, cellular mode, and reuse mode. In the full-buffer traffic model, if all the uplink (UL) channels are occupied by cellular users, the dedicated and cellular modes are not available for D2D user equipments (DUEs) to choose. However, in bursty traffic model, the traffic load is time-varying and DUEs have the option to select the dedicated or cellular modes. To determine the best mode for a DUE in the bursty traffic, we propose a mode selection scheme, which considers the traffic load for the bursty traffic model. Numerical results show that the proposed scheme achieves a remarkable enhancement in average end-to-end delay, dropping probability, and packet rate.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (NRF-2015R1A2A1A01006162) and in part by the Institute for Information and Communications Technology Promotion (IITP) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP) (no. R0101-15-244, Development of 5GMobile Communication Technologies for Hyper-connected smart services).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Modelling and Simulation
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering