Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the maxillary antrum

Gwi Eon Kim, Hee Chul Park, Ki Chang Keum, Chang Geol Lee, Chang Ok Suh, Won Joo Hur, Kwang Moon Kim, Won Pyo Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate characteristic clinical features and outcome for patients with adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) of the maxillary antrum. Patients and Methods: Twenty-two patients with ACC of the maxillary antrum were initially treated with surgery alone (3 patients), radiation alone (9 patients), or a combination of surgery and radiation (10 patients). Salvage treatment for initial failure was individualized. Patterns of failure, survival, and prognostic factors were retrospectively analyzed. Results: The most frequent site of failure was local recurrence at the primary site (72.7%). All patients treated with either surgery alone or radiation alone experienced one or more local recurrences, whereas patients who received planned combined surgery and radiation had a much lower local recurrence rate (40%). Neck node failure (4.6%) was an uncommon event, whereas distant metastases were clinically documented in seven patients (32%). Most of the treatment failures appeared within 5 years, but treatment failures after 5 years were not uncommon. The overall survival and disease-free survival rates at 10 years were 37.6% and 13.6%, respectively. Clinicopathological factors, such as location of primary tumor, tumor stage, and histological grade were of no value in predicting a favorable survival. The significant prognostic factors influencing 10-year survival were the pathological finding of perineural invasion and the initial mode of treatment. Conclusion: ACC of the maxillary antrum represented a unique natural history characterized by a more aggressive tumor behavior and an unfavorable prognosis. Combined surgery and radiotherapy is recommended for optimal local control and survival.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-84
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Medicine and Surgery
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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