Apolipoprotein B to A-1 (apo B/A-1) ratio is reportedly a better predictor of atherosclerotic vascular disease than low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). The aim of this study was to assess the association of serum apo B/A-1 ratio with insulin resistance and adiponectin in patients with different grades of glucose intolerance. Patients were divided according to glucose tolerance into 3 groups: normal glucose tolerance without metabolic syndrome (n = 229), impaired fasting glucose (subjects with fasting plasma glucose level between 100 and 125 mg/dL, n = 658), and type 2 diabetes mellitus (n = 381). Serum concentrations of apo B, apo A-1, glucose, total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and adiponectin were measured. Insulin resistance was estimated by the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR). There were significant differences in metabolic parameters among the groups, including waist circumference, insulin, HOMA-IR, and apo B/A-1 ratio, which increased sequentially with glucose intolerance, whereas adiponectin level decreased with increasing severity of glucose intolerance. The apo B/A-1 ratio was significantly correlated with TC, triglycerides, LDL-C, HDL-C, adiponectin, and HOMA-IR in normal glucose tolerance, impaired fasting glucose, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Multiple regression analysis showed that apo B/A-1 ratio was significantly associated with TC, LDL-C, HDL-C, and adiponectin. In conclusion, apo B/A-1 ratio was significantly associated with insulin resistance according to glucose intolerance; and serum adiponectin was an important independent factor associated with apo B/A-1 ratio in Koreans.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by a grant from the Seoul R&BD Program, Republic of Korea ( 10526 ).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism