Objective: Adiponectin (AD) is considered an inflammation modulator. In this study, we investigated the effect of AD on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using a collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mouse model and RA synovial fibroblasts (RASF). Methods: Fifteen DBA/1 mice were divided into three groups. All mice, except the control group, were injected with type II collagen. AD was intra-articularly injected in the left hind legs after arthritis development (the AD-treated group). The severity of the arthritis was measured using an arthritis score and paw thickness. A histopathological assessment of joint sections was performed by haematoxylin/eosin (H&E) staining. Tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3 expression was evaluated by immunohistochemical staining in the CIA mice. Synovial tissue was obtained from four RA patients during total joint replacement. RASF cultures were established from this tissue. RASF were pretreated with AD and stimulated by TNFα or IL-1β. TNFα, IL-1β, IL-6, and MMP-3 production was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). RASF proliferation was evaluated using the MTT assay. Results: AD significantly mitigated the severity of the arthritis and histopathological findings indicative of RA in CIA mice. TNFα, IL-1β, and MMP-3 expression decreased, but IL-6 expression in AD-treated joint tissues increased. Moreover, AD reduced TNFα, IL-1β, and MMP-3 expression in stimulated RASF and increased IL-6 expression in IL-1β-stimulated RASF. AD significantly inhibited IL-1β-induced RASF proliferation, despite increased IL-6 expression. Conclusion: These data suggest that AD may play an anti-inflammatory role in the pathophysiology of RA.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy