Adjunctive use of metronidazole-minocycline ointment in the nonsurgical treatment of peri-implantitis: A multicenter randomized controlled trial

Seung Hyun Park, Young Woo Song, Jae Kook Cha, Jung Seok Lee, Young Taek Kim, Hyun Seung Shin, Dong Won Lee, Jae Hyun Lee, Chang Sung Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Clinical benefits of local antibiotics as an adjunct to nonsurgical treatment of peri-implantitis have been widely reported, but most studies evaluated incipient peri-implantitis lesions, and showed incomplete treatment success rates. Purpose: To assess the clinical and microbiological outcomes of administering metronidazole in combination with minocycline as a local adjunct to the nonsurgical treatment of peri-implantitis. Materials and methods: One hundred and eighteen subjects with peri-implantitis were recruited in a four-center, three-arm, and 12-week randomized controlled trial. Subjects were randomly assigned to receive one of the following treatments: (a) MM—mechanical debridement + metronidazole-minocycline ointment, (b) MC—mechanical debridement + minocycline ointment, (c) NST—mechanical debridement only. Results: Except for four subjects who was excluded during the trial, a total of 114 patients with 114 implants (one implant per each patient) finally completed the trial and were included in the analyses. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that the treatment success rates (absence of bleeding or suppuration on probing, and sites showing pocket probing depth [PPD] ≥5 mm) on at 12 weeks were higher in MM-group patients (31.6%) and MC-group patients (20.5%) compared to NST-group patients (2.7%; p = 0.011 and 0.040, respectively). Subjects with deepest PPD ≥8 mm showed a significant difference in the PPD reduction between MM and MC groups at week 4 (p = 0.025) and week 12 (p = 0.047). Detection ratio of Tannerella forsythia was significantly lower for MM group than MC group (p = 0.038). Conclusions: Additive use of either MM or MC results in significantly higher treatment success rates compared to sole mechanical debridement in nonsurgical treatment of peri-implantitis. Moreover, MM contributes to a significantly greater reduction in the PPD compared to MC in deep pockets (cris.nih.go.kr KCT0004557).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)543-554
Number of pages12
JournalClinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Aug

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was registered with the Clinical Research Information Service, National Research Institute of Health, Republic of Korea (KCT0004557). The study was financially supported by Yuhan Inc. The materials for the test group and the positive control group were provided by Yuhan Inc.

Funding Information:
This study was registered with the Clinical Research Information Service, National Research Institute of Health, Republic of Korea (KCT0004557). The study was financially supported by Yuhan Inc. The materials for the test group and the positive control group were provided by Yuhan Inc.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Wiley Periodicals LLC.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oral Surgery
  • Dentistry(all)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Adjunctive use of metronidazole-minocycline ointment in the nonsurgical treatment of peri-implantitis: A multicenter randomized controlled trial'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this