PURPOSE: To evaluate the amount of spherical equivalent correction for three different cap thicknesses (120, 130, and 140 μm) during myopic small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and determine the association between the amount of spherical equivalent correction and several variables in each cap thickness group. METHODS: In this retrospective, comparative, observational case series study, the authors compared refractive errors, keratometric values, laser setting (sphere correction, cylinder correction, spherical equivalent correction, optical zone, and cap diameter), and spherical aberration measured pre-operatively and at 3 months postoperatively between three different cap thickness groups: 120 μm (n = 554), 130 μm (n = 377), and 140 μm (n = 90). Multiple linear regression analyses were used to determine the associations between the amount of spherical equivalent correction and several variables, including age, preoperative spherical equivalent, optical zone diameter, central corneal thickness, preoperative mean keratometric values, and preoperative corneal asphericity. RESULTS: According to cap thickness, attempted correction is adjusted to achieve the same refractive outcomes for different cap thicknesses. There were significant differences in the amount of sphere correction and spherical equivalent correction, as well as lenticule thickness, among subgroups. Changes in keratometric values, corneal asphericity, and spherical aberration were also significantly different among subgroups (all P < .001). Changes in keratometric values, corneal asphericity, and spherical aberration significantly increased as cap thickness increased. Preoperative spherical equivalent mainly influenced the amount of spherical equivalent correction in each group. CONCLUSIONS: Dioptric adjustment of spherical equivalent correction according to cap thickness is essential to obtain similar refractive outcomes in myopic SMILE procedures.
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