Adsorption and steam regeneration of n-hexane, MEK, and toluene on activated carbon fiber

Jong Hwa Kim, Yong Ki Ryu, Seungjoo Haam, Chang Ha Lee, Woo Sik Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The adsorption and steam regeneration of n-hexane, MEK, and toluene on an activated carbon fiber (ACF) were conducted for single, binary, and ternary systems and were compared with those on a granular activated carbon (GAC). An ACF bed showed not only larger adsorption capacity but also faster steam regeneration than the GAC bed. Also, the tailing effect of desorption on a GAC loaded with polar MEK was significant compared with the result on an ACF. Especially, after several adsorption-desorption cycles, there was a significant drop in the adsorption capacity of the GAC within 20% whereas the adsorption capacity of the ACF dropped within 5%. Because adsorption affinity on the ACF became stronger for toluene, MEK, and n-hexane in sequence, roll-up phenomena appeared for binary and ternary systems. Because the roll-up phenomenon was affected by the molar ratio (MR), the magnitude of roll-up increased with a decrease of MR. Therefore, the adsorption step in a TSA process could be determined largely by the behavior of a weak adsorbate in the adsorption bed, whereas a strong adsorbate could play a key role in the steam regeneration step. However, under a high MR, both the high concentration component and strongest adsorbed component played an important role in steam regeneration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-281
Number of pages19
JournalSeparation Science and Technology
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Dec 3

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Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases
Steam
Toluene
Hexane
Activated carbon
Carbon fibers
Adsorption
Ternary systems
Adsorbates
Desorption
carbon fiber
n-hexane
Tailings

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Filtration and Separation

Cite this

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title = "Adsorption and steam regeneration of n-hexane, MEK, and toluene on activated carbon fiber",
abstract = "The adsorption and steam regeneration of n-hexane, MEK, and toluene on an activated carbon fiber (ACF) were conducted for single, binary, and ternary systems and were compared with those on a granular activated carbon (GAC). An ACF bed showed not only larger adsorption capacity but also faster steam regeneration than the GAC bed. Also, the tailing effect of desorption on a GAC loaded with polar MEK was significant compared with the result on an ACF. Especially, after several adsorption-desorption cycles, there was a significant drop in the adsorption capacity of the GAC within 20{\%} whereas the adsorption capacity of the ACF dropped within 5{\%}. Because adsorption affinity on the ACF became stronger for toluene, MEK, and n-hexane in sequence, roll-up phenomena appeared for binary and ternary systems. Because the roll-up phenomenon was affected by the molar ratio (MR), the magnitude of roll-up increased with a decrease of MR. Therefore, the adsorption step in a TSA process could be determined largely by the behavior of a weak adsorbate in the adsorption bed, whereas a strong adsorbate could play a key role in the steam regeneration step. However, under a high MR, both the high concentration component and strongest adsorbed component played an important role in steam regeneration.",
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Adsorption and steam regeneration of n-hexane, MEK, and toluene on activated carbon fiber. / Kim, Jong Hwa; Ryu, Yong Ki; Haam, Seungjoo; Lee, Chang Ha; Kim, Woo Sik.

In: Separation Science and Technology, Vol. 36, No. 2, 03.12.2001, p. 263-281.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - The adsorption and steam regeneration of n-hexane, MEK, and toluene on an activated carbon fiber (ACF) were conducted for single, binary, and ternary systems and were compared with those on a granular activated carbon (GAC). An ACF bed showed not only larger adsorption capacity but also faster steam regeneration than the GAC bed. Also, the tailing effect of desorption on a GAC loaded with polar MEK was significant compared with the result on an ACF. Especially, after several adsorption-desorption cycles, there was a significant drop in the adsorption capacity of the GAC within 20% whereas the adsorption capacity of the ACF dropped within 5%. Because adsorption affinity on the ACF became stronger for toluene, MEK, and n-hexane in sequence, roll-up phenomena appeared for binary and ternary systems. Because the roll-up phenomenon was affected by the molar ratio (MR), the magnitude of roll-up increased with a decrease of MR. Therefore, the adsorption step in a TSA process could be determined largely by the behavior of a weak adsorbate in the adsorption bed, whereas a strong adsorbate could play a key role in the steam regeneration step. However, under a high MR, both the high concentration component and strongest adsorbed component played an important role in steam regeneration.

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