To remove 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) from aqueous solution, the surface of the activated carbon was first treated with HCl and then the surface was modified by using various metal ions (Cu, Co, Fe, Ni, Zn, and Mg). Metal doping significantly enhanced the adsorption efficiency of activated carbon, an effect that was further increased by HCl treatment of the modified activated carbons. Of all the preparations, the zinc(II)-modified activated carbon with HCl treatment showed the highest adsorption capacity for 2,4-DCP. Analysis of the zinc(II)-modified activated carbon by SEM and BET showed a surface area and micropore volume of around 1,154.69 m2/g and 0.291 cm3/g, respectively, values about 20% higher than in the starting material. In the pH range of 2.0-11.0, the maximum uptake of 2,4-DCP from an initial concentration of 1,000 mg/L was 508 mg/g at pH 4.0.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by grants 2006-E-ID-11-P-15-1-000-2008 and 2006-E-ID-11-P-19-1-000-2008 from the Korea Energy Management Corporation (KEMC) and the Ministry of Commerce, Industry, and Energy (MOCIE). The authors are grateful to KEMC.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)