Adsorption of 2,4-dichlorophenol on metal-nitrate modified activated carbon

Kanagasabai Muruganandam Ponvel, Dhamodaran Kavitha, Kyung Min Kim, Chang-Ha Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To remove 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) from aqueous solution, the surface of the activated carbon was first treated with HCl and then the surface was modified by using various metal ions (Cu, Co, Fe, Ni, Zn, and Mg). Metal doping significantly enhanced the adsorption efficiency of activated carbon, an effect that was further increased by HCl treatment of the modified activated carbons. Of all the preparations, the zinc(II)-modified activated carbon with HCl treatment showed the highest adsorption capacity for 2,4-DCP. Analysis of the zinc(II)-modified activated carbon by SEM and BET showed a surface area and micropore volume of around 1,154.69 m2/g and 0.291 cm3/g, respectively, values about 20% higher than in the starting material. In the pH range of 2.0-11.0, the maximum uptake of 2,4-DCP from an initial concentration of 1,000 mg/L was 508 mg/g at pH 4.0.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1379-1382
Number of pages4
JournalKorean Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume26
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Sep 1

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Nitrates
Activated carbon
Metals
Adsorption
Zinc
Metal ions
Doping (additives)
2,4-dichlorophenol
Scanning electron microscopy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Ponvel, Kanagasabai Muruganandam ; Kavitha, Dhamodaran ; Kim, Kyung Min ; Lee, Chang-Ha. / Adsorption of 2,4-dichlorophenol on metal-nitrate modified activated carbon. In: Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering. 2009 ; Vol. 26, No. 5. pp. 1379-1382.
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abstract = "To remove 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) from aqueous solution, the surface of the activated carbon was first treated with HCl and then the surface was modified by using various metal ions (Cu, Co, Fe, Ni, Zn, and Mg). Metal doping significantly enhanced the adsorption efficiency of activated carbon, an effect that was further increased by HCl treatment of the modified activated carbons. Of all the preparations, the zinc(II)-modified activated carbon with HCl treatment showed the highest adsorption capacity for 2,4-DCP. Analysis of the zinc(II)-modified activated carbon by SEM and BET showed a surface area and micropore volume of around 1,154.69 m2/g and 0.291 cm3/g, respectively, values about 20{\%} higher than in the starting material. In the pH range of 2.0-11.0, the maximum uptake of 2,4-DCP from an initial concentration of 1,000 mg/L was 508 mg/g at pH 4.0.",
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Adsorption of 2,4-dichlorophenol on metal-nitrate modified activated carbon. / Ponvel, Kanagasabai Muruganandam; Kavitha, Dhamodaran; Kim, Kyung Min; Lee, Chang-Ha.

In: Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol. 26, No. 5, 01.09.2009, p. 1379-1382.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Adsorption of 2,4-dichlorophenol on metal-nitrate modified activated carbon

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AU - Kavitha, Dhamodaran

AU - Kim, Kyung Min

AU - Lee, Chang-Ha

PY - 2009/9/1

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N2 - To remove 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) from aqueous solution, the surface of the activated carbon was first treated with HCl and then the surface was modified by using various metal ions (Cu, Co, Fe, Ni, Zn, and Mg). Metal doping significantly enhanced the adsorption efficiency of activated carbon, an effect that was further increased by HCl treatment of the modified activated carbons. Of all the preparations, the zinc(II)-modified activated carbon with HCl treatment showed the highest adsorption capacity for 2,4-DCP. Analysis of the zinc(II)-modified activated carbon by SEM and BET showed a surface area and micropore volume of around 1,154.69 m2/g and 0.291 cm3/g, respectively, values about 20% higher than in the starting material. In the pH range of 2.0-11.0, the maximum uptake of 2,4-DCP from an initial concentration of 1,000 mg/L was 508 mg/g at pH 4.0.

AB - To remove 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) from aqueous solution, the surface of the activated carbon was first treated with HCl and then the surface was modified by using various metal ions (Cu, Co, Fe, Ni, Zn, and Mg). Metal doping significantly enhanced the adsorption efficiency of activated carbon, an effect that was further increased by HCl treatment of the modified activated carbons. Of all the preparations, the zinc(II)-modified activated carbon with HCl treatment showed the highest adsorption capacity for 2,4-DCP. Analysis of the zinc(II)-modified activated carbon by SEM and BET showed a surface area and micropore volume of around 1,154.69 m2/g and 0.291 cm3/g, respectively, values about 20% higher than in the starting material. In the pH range of 2.0-11.0, the maximum uptake of 2,4-DCP from an initial concentration of 1,000 mg/L was 508 mg/g at pH 4.0.

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