Adsorptive separation of xenon/krypton mixtures using a zirconium-based metal-organic framework with high hydrothermal and radioactive stabilities

Seung Joon Lee, Tae Ung Yoon, Ah Reum Kim, Seo Yul Kim, Kyung Ho Cho, Young Kyu Hwang, Jei Won Yeon, Youn Sang Bae

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42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The separation of xenon/krypton mixtures is important for both environmental and industrial purposes. The potential of three hydrothermally stable MOFs (MIL-100(Fe), MIL-101(Cr), and UiO-66(Zr)) for use in Xe/Kr separation has been experimentally investigated. From the observed single-component Xe and Kr isotherms, isosteric heat of adsorption (Qsto), and IAST-predicted Xe/Kr selectivities, we observed that UiO-66(Zr) has the most potential as an adsorbent among the three candidate MOFs. We performed dynamic breakthrough experiments with an adsorption bed filled with UiO-66(Zr) to evaluate further the potential of UiO-66(Zr) for Xe/Kr separation under mixture flow conditions. Remarkably, the experimental breakthrough curves show that UiO-66(Zr) can efficiently separate the Xe/Kr mixture. Furthermore, UiO-66(Zr) maintains most of its Xe and Kr uptake capacity, as well as its crystallinity and internal surface area, even after exposure to gamma radiation (2 kGy) for 7 h and aging for 16 months under ambient conditions. This result indicates that UiO-66(Zr) can be considered to be a potential adsorbent for Xe/Kr mixtures under both ambient and radioactive conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)513-520
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume320
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Dec 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We would like to acknowledge the financial support from the R&D Convergence Program of MSIP (Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning) and NST (National Research Council of Science & Technology) of the Republic of Korea ( CRC-14-1-KRICT ). This work was also supported by the Technology Innovation Program (10048649) funded by the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy (MI, Korea). Y.K.H is grateful for financial support from the Defense Industry Technology Center (DITC) (contract grant number UC15000ID ). The authors thank Dr. Jong-San Chang for his great support.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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