Advanced Oxidation Processes. A Kinetic Model for the Oxidation of l,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane in Water by the Combination of Hydrogen Peroxide and UV Radiation

William H. Glaze, Yiishyan Lay, Joonwun Kang

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Abstract

A kinetic model for the oxidation of organics in water by the combination of hydrogen peroxide and UV radiation is described. The model is based on literature values for a series of reactions initiated by the photolysis of hydrogen peroxide by UV radiation into hydroxyl radicals, to which is added a term for the direct photolysis of the organic. The model is tested with data on the oxidation of a compound, 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP), at low levels (<500 μg/L) in simulated and actual groundwater. The effect of the UV intensity, the initial concentration of hydrogen peroxide, and the various inorganic salts is investigated. Nitrate and bicarbonate/ carbonate have a detrimental effect on the rate of oxidation of DBCP, the former due to UV shielding and the latter due to OH scavenging. The rate of oxidation of DBCP is enhanced and the optimum peroxide level is lowered at low carbonate alkalinity, suggesting that presoftening of groundwater prior to oxidation of halogenated alkanes should be cost-effective.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2314-2323
Number of pages10
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume34
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995 Jul 1

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Hydrogen peroxide
Ultraviolet radiation
Hydrogen Peroxide
Oxidation
Kinetics
Water
Carbonates
Photolysis
Groundwater
Alkanes
Scavenging
Peroxides
Alkalinity
Bicarbonates
Hydroxyl Radical
Nitrates
Shielding
Paraffins
Salts
1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Advanced Oxidation Processes. A Kinetic Model for the Oxidation of l,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane in Water by the Combination of Hydrogen Peroxide and UV Radiation",
abstract = "A kinetic model for the oxidation of organics in water by the combination of hydrogen peroxide and UV radiation is described. The model is based on literature values for a series of reactions initiated by the photolysis of hydrogen peroxide by UV radiation into hydroxyl radicals, to which is added a term for the direct photolysis of the organic. The model is tested with data on the oxidation of a compound, 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP), at low levels (<500 μg/L) in simulated and actual groundwater. The effect of the UV intensity, the initial concentration of hydrogen peroxide, and the various inorganic salts is investigated. Nitrate and bicarbonate/ carbonate have a detrimental effect on the rate of oxidation of DBCP, the former due to UV shielding and the latter due to OH scavenging. The rate of oxidation of DBCP is enhanced and the optimum peroxide level is lowered at low carbonate alkalinity, suggesting that presoftening of groundwater prior to oxidation of halogenated alkanes should be cost-effective.",
author = "Glaze, {William H.} and Yiishyan Lay and Joonwun Kang",
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T1 - Advanced Oxidation Processes. A Kinetic Model for the Oxidation of l,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane in Water by the Combination of Hydrogen Peroxide and UV Radiation

AU - Glaze, William H.

AU - Lay, Yiishyan

AU - Kang, Joonwun

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N2 - A kinetic model for the oxidation of organics in water by the combination of hydrogen peroxide and UV radiation is described. The model is based on literature values for a series of reactions initiated by the photolysis of hydrogen peroxide by UV radiation into hydroxyl radicals, to which is added a term for the direct photolysis of the organic. The model is tested with data on the oxidation of a compound, 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP), at low levels (<500 μg/L) in simulated and actual groundwater. The effect of the UV intensity, the initial concentration of hydrogen peroxide, and the various inorganic salts is investigated. Nitrate and bicarbonate/ carbonate have a detrimental effect on the rate of oxidation of DBCP, the former due to UV shielding and the latter due to OH scavenging. The rate of oxidation of DBCP is enhanced and the optimum peroxide level is lowered at low carbonate alkalinity, suggesting that presoftening of groundwater prior to oxidation of halogenated alkanes should be cost-effective.

AB - A kinetic model for the oxidation of organics in water by the combination of hydrogen peroxide and UV radiation is described. The model is based on literature values for a series of reactions initiated by the photolysis of hydrogen peroxide by UV radiation into hydroxyl radicals, to which is added a term for the direct photolysis of the organic. The model is tested with data on the oxidation of a compound, 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP), at low levels (<500 μg/L) in simulated and actual groundwater. The effect of the UV intensity, the initial concentration of hydrogen peroxide, and the various inorganic salts is investigated. Nitrate and bicarbonate/ carbonate have a detrimental effect on the rate of oxidation of DBCP, the former due to UV shielding and the latter due to OH scavenging. The rate of oxidation of DBCP is enhanced and the optimum peroxide level is lowered at low carbonate alkalinity, suggesting that presoftening of groundwater prior to oxidation of halogenated alkanes should be cost-effective.

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