Experimental data are presented to test a kinetic model of the 03/H202process in a semibatch reactor. The effect of bicarbonate and carbonate ions is measured and found to be in concurrence with model predictions. The effect of pH in the ozone mass-transfer-limited region was examined in bicarbonate-spiked distilled water. Since the reaction is mass transfer limited, the primary effect above pH 7 is the result of changes in the distribution of inorganic carbon species which are OH-radical scavengers. Below pH 7, there is a lag period during which ozone and peroxide increase until the chain reaction begins. The effects of chloride ion and the concentration of radical scavengers other than carbonate species in ground waters are also measured. The mass-transfer/reaction rate model has been used to estimate rate constants for the reaction of hydroxyl radicals with trichloroethylene, 1,2-dibromoethane, l,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane, carbon tetrachloride, and two bicyclic alcohols, 2-methylisoborneol and geosmin.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering