Adverse Childhood Experiences Among Immigrants to the United States

Michael George Vaughn, Christopher P. Salas-Wright, Jin Huang, Zhengmin Qian, Lauren D. Terzis, Jesse J. Helton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A growing number of studies have examined the “immigrant paradox” with respect to health behaviors in the United States. However, little research attention has been afforded to the study of adverse childhood experiences (ACE; neglect, physical and sexual abuse, and witnessing violence) among immigrants in the United States. The present study, using Waves I and II data from the National Epidemiologic Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC), aims to address these gaps by comparing forms of ACE of first- and second-generation immigrants with native-born American adults in the United States. We also examined the latent structure of ACE among immigrants and conducted analyses to assess the psychiatric correlates of identified latent classes. With the exception of neglect, the prevalence of ACE was markedly higher among native-born Americans and second-generation immigrants compared with first-generation immigrants. Four latent classes were identified—limited adverse experience (n = 3,497), emotional and physical abuse (n = 1,262), family violence (n = 358), and global adversity (n = 246). The latter three classes evinced greater likelihood of being diagnosed with a mood, anxiety, personality, and substance use disorder, and to report violent and non-violent antisocial behavior. Consistent with prior research examining the associations between the immigrant paradox and health outcomes, results suggest that first-generation immigrants to the United States are less likely to have experienced physical and sexual abuse and witness domestic violence. However, likely due to cultural circumstances, first-generation immigrants were more likely to report experiences that are deemed neglectful by Western standards.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1543-1564
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Interpersonal Violence
Volume32
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 May 1

Fingerprint

Domestic Violence
North American Indians
Sex Offenses
Population Groups
Health Behavior
Research
Violence
Substance-Related Disorders
Psychiatry
Personality
Anxiety
Alcohols
Health
Physical Abuse
Surveys and Questionnaires

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

Vaughn, M. G., Salas-Wright, C. P., Huang, J., Qian, Z., Terzis, L. D., & Helton, J. J. (2017). Adverse Childhood Experiences Among Immigrants to the United States. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 32(10), 1543-1564. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260515589568
Vaughn, Michael George ; Salas-Wright, Christopher P. ; Huang, Jin ; Qian, Zhengmin ; Terzis, Lauren D. ; Helton, Jesse J. / Adverse Childhood Experiences Among Immigrants to the United States. In: Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 2017 ; Vol. 32, No. 10. pp. 1543-1564.
@article{64dc1e89e255402c974bf3677fc00a9b,
title = "Adverse Childhood Experiences Among Immigrants to the United States",
abstract = "A growing number of studies have examined the “immigrant paradox” with respect to health behaviors in the United States. However, little research attention has been afforded to the study of adverse childhood experiences (ACE; neglect, physical and sexual abuse, and witnessing violence) among immigrants in the United States. The present study, using Waves I and II data from the National Epidemiologic Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC), aims to address these gaps by comparing forms of ACE of first- and second-generation immigrants with native-born American adults in the United States. We also examined the latent structure of ACE among immigrants and conducted analyses to assess the psychiatric correlates of identified latent classes. With the exception of neglect, the prevalence of ACE was markedly higher among native-born Americans and second-generation immigrants compared with first-generation immigrants. Four latent classes were identified—limited adverse experience (n = 3,497), emotional and physical abuse (n = 1,262), family violence (n = 358), and global adversity (n = 246). The latter three classes evinced greater likelihood of being diagnosed with a mood, anxiety, personality, and substance use disorder, and to report violent and non-violent antisocial behavior. Consistent with prior research examining the associations between the immigrant paradox and health outcomes, results suggest that first-generation immigrants to the United States are less likely to have experienced physical and sexual abuse and witness domestic violence. However, likely due to cultural circumstances, first-generation immigrants were more likely to report experiences that are deemed neglectful by Western standards.",
author = "Vaughn, {Michael George} and Salas-Wright, {Christopher P.} and Jin Huang and Zhengmin Qian and Terzis, {Lauren D.} and Helton, {Jesse J.}",
year = "2017",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0886260515589568",
language = "English",
volume = "32",
pages = "1543--1564",
journal = "Journal of Interpersonal Violence",
issn = "0886-2605",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "10",

}

Vaughn, MG, Salas-Wright, CP, Huang, J, Qian, Z, Terzis, LD & Helton, JJ 2017, 'Adverse Childhood Experiences Among Immigrants to the United States', Journal of Interpersonal Violence, vol. 32, no. 10, pp. 1543-1564. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260515589568

Adverse Childhood Experiences Among Immigrants to the United States. / Vaughn, Michael George; Salas-Wright, Christopher P.; Huang, Jin; Qian, Zhengmin; Terzis, Lauren D.; Helton, Jesse J.

In: Journal of Interpersonal Violence, Vol. 32, No. 10, 01.05.2017, p. 1543-1564.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Adverse Childhood Experiences Among Immigrants to the United States

AU - Vaughn, Michael George

AU - Salas-Wright, Christopher P.

AU - Huang, Jin

AU - Qian, Zhengmin

AU - Terzis, Lauren D.

AU - Helton, Jesse J.

PY - 2017/5/1

Y1 - 2017/5/1

N2 - A growing number of studies have examined the “immigrant paradox” with respect to health behaviors in the United States. However, little research attention has been afforded to the study of adverse childhood experiences (ACE; neglect, physical and sexual abuse, and witnessing violence) among immigrants in the United States. The present study, using Waves I and II data from the National Epidemiologic Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC), aims to address these gaps by comparing forms of ACE of first- and second-generation immigrants with native-born American adults in the United States. We also examined the latent structure of ACE among immigrants and conducted analyses to assess the psychiatric correlates of identified latent classes. With the exception of neglect, the prevalence of ACE was markedly higher among native-born Americans and second-generation immigrants compared with first-generation immigrants. Four latent classes were identified—limited adverse experience (n = 3,497), emotional and physical abuse (n = 1,262), family violence (n = 358), and global adversity (n = 246). The latter three classes evinced greater likelihood of being diagnosed with a mood, anxiety, personality, and substance use disorder, and to report violent and non-violent antisocial behavior. Consistent with prior research examining the associations between the immigrant paradox and health outcomes, results suggest that first-generation immigrants to the United States are less likely to have experienced physical and sexual abuse and witness domestic violence. However, likely due to cultural circumstances, first-generation immigrants were more likely to report experiences that are deemed neglectful by Western standards.

AB - A growing number of studies have examined the “immigrant paradox” with respect to health behaviors in the United States. However, little research attention has been afforded to the study of adverse childhood experiences (ACE; neglect, physical and sexual abuse, and witnessing violence) among immigrants in the United States. The present study, using Waves I and II data from the National Epidemiologic Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC), aims to address these gaps by comparing forms of ACE of first- and second-generation immigrants with native-born American adults in the United States. We also examined the latent structure of ACE among immigrants and conducted analyses to assess the psychiatric correlates of identified latent classes. With the exception of neglect, the prevalence of ACE was markedly higher among native-born Americans and second-generation immigrants compared with first-generation immigrants. Four latent classes were identified—limited adverse experience (n = 3,497), emotional and physical abuse (n = 1,262), family violence (n = 358), and global adversity (n = 246). The latter three classes evinced greater likelihood of being diagnosed with a mood, anxiety, personality, and substance use disorder, and to report violent and non-violent antisocial behavior. Consistent with prior research examining the associations between the immigrant paradox and health outcomes, results suggest that first-generation immigrants to the United States are less likely to have experienced physical and sexual abuse and witness domestic violence. However, likely due to cultural circumstances, first-generation immigrants were more likely to report experiences that are deemed neglectful by Western standards.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85018745334&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85018745334&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0886260515589568

DO - 10.1177/0886260515589568

M3 - Article

VL - 32

SP - 1543

EP - 1564

JO - Journal of Interpersonal Violence

JF - Journal of Interpersonal Violence

SN - 0886-2605

IS - 10

ER -