OBJECTIVE: To identify the aetiologies of pulmonary cavities and the clinical predictors of cavities of mycobacterial origin. SETTING: A tertiary referral hospital in South Korea, where the prevalence of tuberculosis (TB) is intermediate. DESIGN: A retrospective review of clinical records and radiographic examinations of patients presenting pulmonary cavities on simple chest radiograph between January and December 2005. RESULTS: Of 131 patients enrolled with pulmonary cavities, 66 (50.4%) had cavities of mycobacterial origin. Age <50 years (P = 0.04) and largest cavity located in the upper lobes (P = 0.04) increased the likelihood that the cavities were of mycobacterial origin. Conversely, history of malignancy (P = 0.02), lesions confined to one lobe (P = 0.02) and multiple enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes (P = 0.03) suggested a non-mycobacterial cause. CONCLUSION: Mycobacterial infection accounted for half of the cavitary lesions identified in this study. In older patients with a history of malignancy, non-nodular infiltration, lesions confined to one lobe and with multiple lymphadenopathy, diseases not caused by mycobacteria should be considered.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease|
|Publication status||Published - 2007 Apr|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Infectious Diseases