Age as a risk factor for steroid-induced ocular hypertension in the non-paediatric population

Wungrak Choi, Hyoung Won Bae, Eun Young Choi, Minha Kim, Eun Woo Kim, Chan Yun Kim, Min Kim, Gong Je Seong

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Background/aims: To evaluate the age-related risk of steroid-induced ocular hypertension by analysing intraocular pressure (IOP) changes after intravitreal dexamethasone (DEX, Ozurdex) implant injection. Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted among patients (n=455; 570 eyes) who had received DEX injection. IOP was measured prior to injection and after 1 week and 1, 2, 3, 6 and 12 months. Results were divided into seven categories based on patient age: 16-30, 31-40, 41-50, 51-60, 61-70, 71-80 and 81-90 years. The IOP elevation rate was compared among the groups. Results: The IOP elevation rate was 42.9% in patients aged ≤30 years (35.3%, 28.3%, 14.9%, 12.2%, 8.4% and 9.1% in the 31-40, 41-50, 51-60, 61-70, 71-80 and 81-90 groups, respectively). Regardless of how IOP was measured, there was an increasing trend in the incidence of IOP elevation with decreasing age. Furthermore, there was a significant stepwise increase in the OR with decreasing age groups. After the 51-60 group was set as the reference point, the ORs (95% CIs) were 5.048 (1.436 to 17.747), 3.671 (1.101 to 12.238), 2.538 (1.043 to 6.178), 0.947 (0.431 to 2.078), 0.713 (0.312 to 1.626) and 0.646 (0.137 to 3.048) in the ≤30, 31-40, 41-50, 61-70, 71-80 and 81-90 groups, respectively. Conclusion: The rate of adverse elevations in IOP after steroid use was significantly lower in older patients than in younger patients. Therefore, caution is required when prescribing steroids to younger patients (<51 years).

Original languageEnglish
Article number314559
JournalBritish Journal of Ophthalmology
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020 Jan 1


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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