In many previous methods for facial age simulation, the shape and appearance features of Active Appearance Models (AAM) are widely used to model the global facial characteristics. However, they cannot sufficiently represent facial details such as spots, scars, fine wrinkles, and skin blemishes, because many of them are removed from the AAM features during the dimension reduction process. Therefore, previous methods are not suitable for real-world applications, such as forensics, face recognition, and entertainment production systems, which require more accurate and realistic age simulation. To overcome the limitation, this paper proposes an automatic age simulation method based on a synergetic combination of the residual image, local features, and AAM global features. The residual image, which is the difference between a facial image and its reconstructed image by using AAM features, contains facial details of the input image that are not included in the AAM features. Representation of facial details in the age simulation process is achieved by generating and adding a targeted age-weighted residual image to the facial image synthesized by the AAM features. Further, facial details such as wrinkles and skin blemishes that have not yet appeared at the current age but normally appear as aging proceeds, are supplemented, and represented by local features that show locally different aging characteristics. The experimental results show that the proposed method simulates a face more accurately and realistically than previous methods, thereby confirming that it is more suitable for the real-world applications.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science Applications
- Artificial Intelligence